African Plant Database

Sansevieria suffruticosa N.E. Br.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Protologue : Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 202 (1915)
Information on the genus : Sansevieria
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Sansevieria suffruticosa N.E. Br. var. suffruticosa (1915)
Taxon infra-specific
Sansevieria suffruticosa var. longituba Pfennig (1981)
Sansevieria suffruticosa N.E. Br. var. suffruticosa (1915)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Semi-erect to procumbent herb; rhizome with aerial rooting and branching (runners); stem to 35 cm long, branching 2-7,5 cm above ground, forming with the leaves clumps 60-80 cm high; aerial branches 7,5-25 cm long, 2-3,5 cm Ø, rooting, covered on lower part with very acute spine-tipped white-edged green scaly leaves 1,9-3,8x4,5 cm; leaves irregularly directed, 5-23 per plant, cylindric, 15-60x1,3-1,9 cm, rough, apical spine 0,3-0,6 cm long; leaves dark green, faintly banded with pale green and marked with darker green in full sun, less marked in deep shade; raceme spike-like, green, 30-38 cm long; axis 0,4-0,6 cm Ø, thickly covered with minute whitish linear dots; flowers 2-5 per cluster, whitish-grey to greenish white at apices, with reddish brown to dark brown outside; tube 1-2 cm long, lobes 0,9-1,4 cm long, recurved.
Ecology : Dry or evergreen bushland, often on rock; scrub on rocky ground near river bed; 750-2200 m alt.
  The S. suffruticosa-S. gracilis group is notorious for its wide range of variation. Confused with S. bella in Kenya [Cactus Succ. J. (U.S.) 72: 224-225, 2000]. Confused with S. downsii in Malawi
  Record from Mozambique incorrect (cf. Sansevieria 23: 25-26, 2010; ibid. 25: 4, 2011). Probably not in Ethiopia, Malawi (see below).
  • Webb, R.H. & L.L. Newton (2016). Sansevieria laevifolia R.H.Webb & L.E.Newton: A new species from the Rift valley of Kenya, with a discussion of the Sansevieria suffruticosa complex Sansevieria J. 34: 9.-13
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