African Plant Database

Sansevieria kirkii Baker
Family : Dracaenaceae
Protologue : Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 3, 8, fig. 5 (1887)
Information on the genus : Sansevieria
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Sansevieria kirkii Baker var. kirkii (1887)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Sansevieria raffillii var. pulchra N.E. Br.
=*Sansevieria aubrytiana auct. Gérôme & Labroy, De Wild., non Carrière
Taxon infra-specific
Sansevieria kirkii var. pulchra N.E. Br.
Sansevieria kirkii Baker var. kirkii (1887)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Acaulescent herb with stout rhizome; leaves 1-3, erect or ascending-spreading to upper part recurved or even drooping, 0,23-2,7 m x 3-5-10 cm, 0,8-1,4 cm thick at middle, very rigid to stiffly coriaceous towards acute apex, tipped with horny spine 0,8-1,3 cm long, sides very wavy, margins reddish brown but in juvenile plants whitish ivory, surface obscurely mottled with white; petiole 2,5-3,1cm broad, 3,8 cm thick; inflorescence capitate-corymbose, dense; peduncle 18-52 cm long, shorter than leaves, with 5-6 large ovate bracts 6-10 cm long; rachis 2-7 cm long; axis dull purplish brown, 1,3-1,9 cm Ø; flowers erect, pedicel 0,6-1 cm long, 1,5-2 mm Ø; perianth green on the back and tips, the rest brownish pink, 1,2-14,5 cm long; tube purplish or dull pink, 11-12,5 cm long, lobes 3-4,5 cm long, spreading; berry globose, orange, 1,2 cm Ø.
Ecology : Forest; thicket; riverine fringe and forest; often on thin soil among rocks or on coral cliffs; dry rocky area in woodland; termite mounds; under bushes; 0-1500 m alt.
  S. kirkii was introduced to cultivation in 1881 by Kirk who commented: yields a most excellent fibre.
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Record n°175007
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