African Plant Database

Kyllinga alba Nees
Protologue : Linnaea 10: 140 (1835)
Information on the genus : Kyllinga
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Kyllinga alba Nees subsp. alba
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cyperus cristatus var. exaltatus Merxm.
=Cyperus cristatus (Kunth) Mattf. & Kük.
=Kyllinga cristata Kunth
=Cyperus cristatus (Kunth) Mattf. & Kük. subsp. cristatus
Taxon infra-specific
Kyllinga alba Nees subsp. alba
Kyllinga alba subsp. ascolepidioides (Cherm.) Lye
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Perennial (densely tufted) herb, base surrounded by strong fibres from old leaf bases; rhizome short, aromatic; culms 10-70 cm tall, 0,4-0,2 mm Ø, trigonous, glabrous or with a few hairs just below inflorescence, spaced or in dense tussocks, culm base swollen; leaf sheath pale brown to reddish, 1-14 cm long; blade 5-40 cm long, 2-7 mm wide, flat or channelled, margins and midrib scabrid; inflorescence a single sessile whitish, yellow green or pale yellow, globose head 1-2x0,5-2 cm with numerous sessile, 2-flowered spikelets, ovoid, 3,3-6x1-3 mm; glumes golden brown with conspicuously winged keel.
Ecology : Grassland on sandy soil; open or dense bushland on sand; thin soil over rock; dry bushland or woodland; seasonally damp grassland; often around rock outcrops and seasonally wet sand; beside a water-furrow in cultivated ground; Acacia-Commiphora scrub on coarse gravelly soil; 0-2250 m alt.
  Namibia, S. Africa, Botswana, Swaziland; Seychelles.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 115
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°175650
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