African Plant Database

Fimbristylis complanata (Retz.) Link
Protologue : Hort. Berol. [Link] 1: 292 (1827)
Information on the genus : Fimbristylis
Basionym : Scirpus complanatus Retz.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Scirpus complanatus Retz. (1788)
 Fimbristylis complanata (Retz.) Link subsp. complanata
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Fimbristylis bequaertii De Wild.
=Fimbristylis complanata var. subaphylla (Boeckeler) Lye
=Fimbristylis subaphylla Boeckeler (1879)
=Fimbristylis consanguinea Kunth (1837)
=Iria consanguinea (Kunth) Kuntze
Taxon infra-specific
Fimbristylis complanata (Retz.) Link subsp. complanata
Fimbristylis complanata subsp. keniaeensis (Kük.) Lye (1982)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tufted rhizomatous perennial (sometimes annual) herb 0,5-1,2 m tall; culms densely packed, 1,5-3 mm Ø, flattened (and twisted) at top; leaf sheaths closed, with hairy margin near the ligule; blades 1-35 cm long, flat, margins with dense spine-like hairs;
Ecology : Permanently inundated swamps; near water holes; along streams; (wet) grassland with mixed herbs; Juniperus, Nuxia, Agauria mixed forest; often in rocky places; ditches; swampy lake margins; floating meadows and swamps; sand banks; hot wells; dembos; rice
  Plants very variable in robustness, degree of development of leaf blades. - Constant characters that permit reliable identification: ligule a dense fringe of short white hairs at mouth of sheaths; spikelet rachilla winged and ragged except at extreme base
  Namibia, S. Africa, Botswana, Swaziland; Seychelles, Madagascar; SW Asia; N Australia; Pacific Islands; C. America, West Indies, S. America. – In most tropical and subtropical regions – pantropical.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°175664
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