African Plant Database


Bulbophyllum imbricatum Lindl.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Edward's Bot. Reg. 27 (Misc.): 87 (1841)
Information on the genus : Bulbophyllum
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Bulbophyllum imbricatum Lindl. var. imbricatum
 Megaclinium imbricatum (Lindl.) Rolfe (1897)
 Phyllorchis imbricata (Lindl.) Kuntze
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Megaclinium congolense De Wild.
=Bulbophyllum congolense (De Wild.) De Wild. (1921)
=Megaclinium gilletii De Wild. (1903)
=Bulbophyllum gilletii (De Wild.) De Wild. (1921)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Bulbophyllum imbricatum var. purpureum W. Sanford
Bulbophyllum imbricatum var. luteum W. Sanford
Bulbophyllum imbricatum Lindl. var. imbricatum
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic herb; pseudobulbs well spaced, 2(-3)-leaved, ovoid, flattened, 2-7x1-4 cm, 3-4-angled, edges sharp; leaves linear-lanceolate, 6-25x1-4 cm, thick; inflorescence 20-70 cm long, 8-120-flowered, erect or arching; peduncle to 51 cm long, thick; rachis 8-26 cm long, swollen, flattened, blackish purple, edges wavy; bracts ovate-triangular, 7x8 mm; flowers borne on either side of rachis, velvety, yellowish heavily blotched with purple; sepals recurved, ovate-falcate, 3-10x1,5-5 mm, pubescent; petals linear-falcate, recurved, 4-9x1 mm, pubescent; lip recurved, triangular, 1-3x0,5-2 mm, toothed towards base.
Ecology : Primary forest; mixed forest and in open places; sometimes coastal forest; riverine forest with Uapaca heudelotii, Irvingia smithii; inselberg; at high levels; plantations; 0-1000 m alt.
  Variable in size of all parts.
  In our Enumération 3: 120, 1995, we referred to 3 vars., viz. var. imbricatum, var. luteum Sanford nom. nov. ined., and var. purpureum Sanford nom. nov. ined. Marshall & Hawthorne (2013: 441) list for Liberia, Nimba County, var. imbricatum and var. purpureum (without author names). It seems that var. purpureum refers to B. imbricatum s. str., with dark purple flowers. Var. luteum seems to correspond with the yellow-flowered B. leucorhachis. For differences between B. fayi, B. imbricatum, B. magnibracteatum, see Vermeulen in Kew Bull. 47: 139, 1992. Lewis & Cribb in Lindleyana 13: 23, 1998, list B. imbricatum as newly found in Tanzania, Udzungwa Mts. This has not been confirmed.
  Equatorial Guinea: Pagalu Isl.; S. Tomé (Acta Bot. Gall. 147: 170, 2000; Figueiredo & al. in Bothalia 41: 63, 2011), Annobón ? (Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 43/1: 21, 1998).
  • Richardiana 12(4): 163 (2012)
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    Map
    carte afrique num 175904
     
    Record n°175904
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