African Plant Database


Bulbophyllum maximum (Lindl.) Rchb. f.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Protologue : Ann. Bot. Syst. (Walpers) 6: 259 (1861) 
Information on the genus : Bulbophyllum
Basionym : Megaclinium maximum Lindl.
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Bulbophyllum maximum (Lindl.) Rchb. f. var. maximum
 Bulbophyllum oxypterum (Lindl.) Rchb. f.
 Bulbophyllum maximum var. oxypterum (Lindl.) Perez-Vera (2003)
 Megaclinium maximum Lindl. (1830)
 Megaclinium oxypterum Lindl. (1839)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Bulbophyllum ciliatum Schltr. (1906)
=*Bulbophyllum maximum auct.
=Megaclinium flaccidum Hook.
=Megaclinium djumaense De Wild.
=Bulbophyllum djumaense (De Wild.) De Wild.
=Bulbophyllum platyrhachis (Rolfe) Schltr.
=Megaclinium platyrhachis Rolfe (1897)
=Megaclinium purpuratum Lindl. (1862)
=Bulbophyllum nyassanum Schltr. (1915)
=Bulbophyllum cyrtopetalum Schltr.
=Bulbophyllum djumaense var. grandifolium De Wild.
=Bulbophyllum moireanum Hawkes
=Bulbophyllum oxypterum var. mozambicense (Finet) De Wild.
=Megaclinium oxypterum var. mozambicense Finet
=Bulbophyllum subcoriaceum De Wild. (1921)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Bulbophyllum maximum (Lindl.) Rchb. f. var. maximum
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Epiphytic, sometimes lithophytic, robust herb; pseudobulbs 2-10 cm apart, 2(-3)-leaved, ovoid, 3,5-10x1-3 cm, flattened, 3-5-angled, angles knobby; leaves petiolate (1-12 mm), oblong to linear-lanceolate, 3,8-20x1,3-5,5 cm, thick; inflorescence erect, 15-90 cm long, 16-20-flowered; peduncle erect, swollen towards tip, 6-42 cm long; rachis flattened, blade-like, 6-56 cm long, 0,5-5 cm wide, yellowish or greenish, often spotted with purple, edges sharp, straight to undulate; bracts spreading-reflexed, elliptic, 2,5-7x2-4 mm; flowers distichous, borne on a median or excentric line, yellow or greenish, spotted with purple; sepals recurved, lanceolate, acuminate, 4-8x1-3,5 mm; petals not recurved, lanceolate, 2-3x0,3-0,8 mm; lip recurved, oblong, 1,5-3x0,7-1,4 mm, glabrous, fleshy.
Ecology : Primary and secondary forest; gallery forest; open woodland; Brachystegia or Aucoumea-Brachystegia woodland; mixed deciduous woodland; on, e.g., Eucalyptus in mixed forest, Carapa grandiflora, Persea americana, etc.; 0-1900 m alt.
  A natural hybrid B. maximum x B. scaberulum var. scaberulum is reported from E Zimbabwe by Vermeulen (1987): 100-101, and by Fibeck & Mavi (in Kirkia 17: 147-149, 2001).
  Bioko/Fernando Poo, S. Tomé, Príncipe (Acta Bot. Gall. 147: 170, 2000; Bothalia 41: 63, 2011), Annobón (Fragm. Florist. Geobot. 43/1: 21, 1998; Phytotaxa 171: 23, 2014). – Ethiopia ? (not in Fl. Eth. & Eritrea 6, 1997).
  Shape and colour of rachis very variable; “although at first sight the forms look very different, the flowers are identifical” (la Croix & al., Orchids Malawi: 203, 1991). “Too many intermediate plants [B. maximum-B. oxypterum-B. platyrhachis incl.] are found which blur the distinctions based on rachis shape and marginal undulation” (Cribb in Fl. Trop. E. Afr., l.c.). – However, Fibeck & Phiri (in S. Afric. Orchid J. 28/2: 38-41, 1997) consider B. platyrhachis as distinct from B. maximum.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 175916
 
Record n°175916 modified 2007-04-05
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