African Plant Database

Eulophia angolensis (Rchb. f.) Summerh.
Protologue : Kew Bull. 13(1): 76 (1958)
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Cymbidium angolense Rchb. f.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Lissochilus angolensis (Rchb. f.) Rchb. f.
 Eulophia angolensis (Rchb. f.) Summerh. var. angolensis
 Cymbidium angolense Rchb. f. (1865)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Lissochilus buchananii Rchb. f.
=Eulophia buchananii (Rchb. f.) Bolus
=Eulophia eylesi Rendle
=Eulophia lindleyana (Rchb. f.) Schltr.
=Lissochilus lindleyanus Rchb. f. (1878)
=Eulophia stolziana (Kraenzl.) Engl.
=Cyrtopera stolziana Kraenzl. (1904)
=Lissochilus paludicolus Rchb. f. (1878)
=Lissochilus platypterus Rchb. f. (1882)
=Lissochilus antunesii Rolfe (1889)
=Lissochilus validus Rendle (1895)
=Lissochilus latus Rolfe (1897)
=Lissochilus eylesii Rendle (1905)
=Lissochilus ugandae Rolfe (1905)
=Lissochilus mildbraedii Kraenzl. (1909)
=Lissochilus katentaniensis De Wild. (1919)
Taxon infra-specific
Eulophia angolensis (Rchb. f.) Summerh. var. angolensis
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb; rhizome underground, long, horizontal, succulent, 1-5 cm Ø, producing at intervals of 25-30 cm leaf- and scape-bearing nodes; stems annual, leafy; leaves 2-5, little developed during anthesis, linear-lanceolate, acuminate, folded, 20-130x1-5 cm; inflorescence to 0,6-2,1 m tall, erect, often 2-4-branched; peduncle stout, with 5 acute leaf sheaths; raceme 16-40 cm long, laxly (4-)15-30-flowered; flowers spreading, sepals purple-brown or yellow, petals and lip yellow, parallel to and covering column; bracts dull purple, ovate-lanceolate, 10-25 mm long; pedicel and ovary 14-21 mm long, glabrous; sepals ligulate-spathulate, 16-27x5-8 mm; petals similar, but a little wider; lip deflexed, 16-28x10-20 mm, with callus of 2-5 long tall crenulate ridges in basal part, obscurely 3-lobed near middle, mid-lobe oblong-elliptic, 7-12x5-8 mm, margins undulate, side lobes rounded, entire; spur shortly conical, to 7 mm long, or vestigial; fruit pendent, 3-4,5 cm long.
Ecology : Marshy grassland and meadows; vleis; seasonally flooded dambos; bogs; savanna relicts in semi-decidous forest; dryish swamp forest; swamp forest margins; well-drained sandy places; in wet conditions, often by lakes and rivers; in full sun; can form large colonies; 0-2500 m alt.
  Variable in flower colour and degree of development of the callus. With some local varieties that need not taxonomic recognition (Fl. Trop. E. Afr., l.c.).
  Pollinated by beetles and bees (Peter in Orchids S. Africa 34: 89, 2003; Peter & Johnson in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 171: 716, 720, 2013; both with photographs). Symbiotic seed germination reported from Kenya (Ochora & al. in Syst. Geogr. Pl. 71: 587, 2002).
  E S. Africa, N Botswana, Namibia ?
  When cultivated the plant needs a very deep pot as the rhizome grows 10-50 cm the year (Fibeck & Phiri in Orchidee Hamburg 52: 51, 2001). The species had “become a ‘commercial’ orchid during its flowering season in May and June, large bunches of flower spikes can be bought in the Market at a moderate price” (Piers, Orchids E. Afr., ed. 2: 167, 1968).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:65 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography other :
  • Ortunez E, R. Gamarra & al. (2020). Revision of Eulophia (Orchidaceae) in Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo Pl. Ecol. Evol. 153(3): 408
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see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°175952
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