African Plant Database


Eulophia orthoplectra (Rchb. f.) Summerh.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Lissochilus orthoplectrus Rchb. f.
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Eulophia orthoplectra (Rchb. f.) Summerh. var. orthoplectra
 Lissochilus orthoplectrus Rchb. f. (1878)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia bella N.E. Br. (1889)
=Eulophia ochyrae Szlach. & Olszewski
=Lissochilus milanjianus Rendle (1894)
=Lissochilus monticolus Rendle (1895)
=Lissochilus kraenzlinii Rolfe (1897)
=Lissochilus pulcher Schltr. (1915)
=Lissochilus saccatus Rendle (1895)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Eulophia orthoplectra (Rchb. f.) Summerh. var. orthoplectra
Eulophia orthoplectra var. rugulosa (Summerh.) Geerinck
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 60-100 cm tall, robust; tubers potato-like in a short chain, flattened, 3,5-6x2-5 cm; leaves 2-4, developing after anthesis, fleshy, linear, 18-60x1-3 cm; inflorescence peduncle purplish, with 4-6 sheaths; rachis 9-25 cm long, laxly 6-20-flowered; flowers large, yellow and red, sepals purple-brown; bracts linear, acute, 8-14 mm long; pedicel and ovary arched, 10-20 mm long; sepals lanceolate, reflexed, 8-14x4-6 mm; petals orbicular, 12-20x13-19 mm; lip 11-20 mm long, 3-lobed, difficult to flatten; side lobes rounded, erect; mid-lobe convex, elliptic-obovate; callus of 5 fleshy rugulose ridges; spur purplish, conical, pendent, with broad mouth, 11-19 mm long (in E. schweinfurthii 8-9 mm), apex straight or decurved (in E. schweinfurthii upcurved); fruit pendent.
Ecology : Grassland; wooded grassland; woodland; Brachystegia or Combretum-Terminalia woodland; dry forest; edge of forest; swamp; bamboo thicket; scrub; on rocky ground, on granite; 900-2350 m alt.
  In cultivation for a long time under the name E. bella (Burkill, l.c.). Resembling E. schweinfurthii (see differences above), and included under E. orthoplectra by, e.g., Agnew (o.c.). Allied to E. streptopetala.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 175957
 
Record n°175957
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