African Plant Database


Eulophia caricifolia (Rchb. f.) Summerh.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Eulophia
Basionym : Lissochilus caricifolius Rchb. f.
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Eulophia caricifolia (Rchb. f.) Summerh. var. caricifolia
 Lissochilus caricifolius Rchb. f. (1877)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia angolensis var. mweruensis (P.J. Cribb) Geerinck
=Eulophia mweruensis P.J. Cribb (1977)
=Eulophia wilsonii (Rolfe) Butzin
=Lissochilus wilsonii Rolfe (1897)
=Lissochilus longifolius Benth. (1849)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Eulophia caricifolia (Rchb. f.) Summerh. var. caricifolia
Eulophia caricifolia var. antennisepala (Rchb. f.) Geerinck
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 35-130 cm tall; rhizome subterranean, elongate, to c. 15 cm long, fleshy, cylindrical, 0,6-1,2 cm Ø, with dense roots along surface; leaves 4-8, folded, linear, in a grass-like tuft, 15-140x0,6-1,5 cm, long-petiolate; inflorescence laxly 7-40-flowered, rachis 9-40 cm long; flowers showy, spreading, with sepals maroon-brown, petals pale pink, lip pink, callus on lip bright yellow; bracts lanceolate, 5-10 mm long; pedicel and ovary 16-27 mm long; sepals erect, spathulate, 15-21x3-4 mm; petals elliptic, 14-18x9-10 mm; lip 3-lobed in middle, 15-25x10-15 mm, side lobes rounded, mid-lobe with 3 verrucose ridges in basal half, above with 5 rows of fleshy dense prominent papillae; spur conical, saccate, 5-7 mm long, recurved at apex; fruit pendent, 14-17 mm long.
Ecology : Damp meadows, wet grassland, marshes, swamps; forest gallery; marshy forest; swamps with Cyperus spp.; by streams, lakes; 5-1350 m alt.
  E. antennisepala was distinguished by Summerhayes by its shorter, more slender growth with very narrow leaves and few-flowered inflorescence. However, there are intermediates between the 2 species (Fl. Zambes. 11/2: 492, 1998). Allied to A. angolensis.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
 
Map
More information >> ( work in progress )
 
Record n°175963
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