African Plant Database


Eulophia monile Rchb. f.
Family : ORCHIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Eulophia
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Eulophia monile Rchb. f. var. monile
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Eulophia milnei var. norlindhii (Summerh.) Geerinck
=Eulophia norlindhii Summerh. (1937)
=Eulophia anisotepala Summerh. (1927)
=Eulophia concinna Schltr. (1915)
=Eulophia exilis Schltr. (1915)
=Eulophia tisserantii Szlach. & Olszewski
=*Lissochilus tenuissimus A. Chev. (1920)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Eulophia monile Rchb. f. var. monile
Eulophia monile var. brevipetala (Rolfe) Perez-Vera
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Terrestrial herb 10-40(-60-80) cm tall, very slender; pseudobulbs subterranean, ± conical, 2,5-5x1-2 cm, in a chain, with 3-5 nodes; leaves 2-7 in a tuft, developing after anthesis, linear, grass-like, 10-65x0,1-0,5 cm; inflorescences 1-3, arising from upper node of pseudobulb; peduncle with a sheathing bract in middle; rachis 3-19 cm long, 6-20-flowered; bracts lanceolate, 3-6 mm long; flowers not opening widely, small, spreading, sepals brownish-green, petals and lip yellow-green or white with side lobes purple-veined, callus white or yellow; pedicel and ovary 7-9 mm long; sepals ± linear, 7-14x1-2 mm, semi-erect; petals linear, 5-10x1-3 mm, overlying column; lip 4-8 mm long, 2-4 mm wide, 3-lobed; side lobes erect; mid-lobe semi-circular, 2-3x2-3 mm, margins undulate; callus of 3 ridges with 3 rows of papillae in front on mid-lobe; spur clavate, 3-5 mm long, apex incurved; fruit pendent, 12-15 mm long.
Ecology : Open Brachystegia woodland; mixed woodland with sparse grass; miombo woodland, on rocky hillsides and dry stony soil; occasionally on dambo margins; seasonally waterlogged mixed woodland; wet meadows; marsh; river banks on black soil; moss-grown shady places by streams; loamy and sandy soils in Brachystegia woodland; on lower slopes of granite kopjes, and on granite kopjes; 500-1900 m alt.
  Two varieties are distinguished: - var. monile [syn.: E. concinna Schltr.; E. exilis Schltr.; E. anisotepala Summerh.; E. norlindhii Summerh.; E. milnei Rchb. f; var. norlindhii (Summerh.) Geerinck; E. tisserantii Szlach. & Olszewski; Lissochilus tenuissimus A. Chev., Explor. Bot. Afr. Occ. Franç. 1: 616, 1920, nom. nud.], with petals (acute) similar to sepals, and raceme short, occurring in E & S Africa, W-wards to Ivory Coast; E. norlindhii in SE part of range, i.e. from Tanzania-S Zaire through Mozambique-Zambia, Malawi-Zimbabwe, with greenish(-brown) flowers and incurved, very short spur; - var. brevipetala (Rolfe) Perez-Vera [bas.: E. brevipetala Rolfe], with long lax raceme and petals much shorter than sepals and side lobes of lip very small, occurring in W part of range (from Ivory Coast E-wards to Nigeria), in dry savanna, often in full sun.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Orchidées d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 175964
 
Record n°175964
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