African Plant Database

Amorphophallus abyssinicus (A. Rich.) N.E. Br.
Family : ARACEAE
Protologue : Fl. Trop. Afr. [Oliver et al.] 8: 160 (1902)
Information on the genus : Amorphophallus
Basionym : Arum abyssinicum A. Rich.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Amorphophallus abyssinicus (A. Rich.) N.E. Br. subsp. abyssinicus
 Arum abyssinicum A. Rich. (1850)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Amorphophallus anisolobus Peter (1929)
=Amorphophallus barteri N.E. Br. (1902)
=Hydrosme chevalieri Engl. (1907)
=Amorphophallus chevalieri (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm. (1911)
=Hydrosme foetida Engl. (1907)
=Amorphophallus foetidus (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm. (1911)
=Hansalia grata Schott (1858)
=Hydrosme grata (Schott) Engl. (1879)
=Corynophallus gratus (Schott) Kuntze (1891)
=Amorphophallus gratus (Schott) N.E. Br. (1902)
=Hydrosme schweinfurthii Engl. (1879)
=Amorphophallus schweinfurthii (Engl.) N.E. Br. (1902)
=Hydrosme warneckei Engl. (1905)
=Amorphophallus warneckei (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm. (1911)
=Amorphophallus coffeatus Stapf (1923)
=Hydrosme seretii De Wild. (1909)
Taxon infra-specific
Amorphophallus abyssinicus (A. Rich.) N.E. Br. subsp. abyssinicus
Amorphophallus abyssinicus subsp. akeassii Ittenb. (1997)
Amorphophallus abyssinicus subsp. unyikae (Engl. & Gehrm.) Ittenb. (2002)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Stemless, seasonally dormant erect herb from a tuber to 7 cm high, 15 cm Ø; leaf with petiole 20-80 cm long, reddish to greenish with purplish spots; blade 20-60 cm wide, with linear to obovate, acuminate leaflets 6-12x1-4 cm; inflorescence solitary, with peduncle 6-30 cm long, purplish dotted; spathe 8-30 cm long, 15-18 cm at the widest; tube cylindrical to obconical, 3-7 cm long, greenish-purple, inner surface with longitudinal ridges, blackish-purple; limb open, erect to tilted, 6-12 cm long, broadly elliptic; spadix to 16 cm long, shorter than spathe; berries 0,5-1 cm long, ovoid, red.
Ecology : Deciduous woodland; grassland; Brachystegia and mopane woodland and grassland; rocky areas; termite mounds; open forest; often in seasonally flooded or swampy places in, e.g., savanna; under Acacia, Brachystegia; characteristic of the Amorphophallus abyssinicus formation in wooded savanna and open forest, with Dioscorea bulbifera, in Burkina Faso (Flora & Veget. Sudano-Sambesica 11: 42, 2008); 50-2300 m alt.
  Morphology very variable (leading to many synonyms). The subspecies are difficult to differentiate in dried material, especially if sterile or in fruit (see Fl. Zambes., l.c.).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:30 (2012)
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°176422 modified 2007-02-14
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