African Plant Database

Juncus kraussii Hochst.
Protologue : Flora 342 (1845)
Information on the genus : Juncus
Status for MA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Juncus maritimus Lam.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Juncus kraussii Hochst. subsp. kraussii
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Juncus fasciculiflorus Adamson (1935)
=Juncus kraussii var. effusus Adamson (1935)
=Juncus kraussii var. parviflorus Adamson (1935)
=Juncus spretus Schult. & Schult. f.
=Juncus caffer Bertol. (1851)
=Juncus maritimus Lam. (1789)
Taxon infra-specific
Juncus kraussii Hochst. subsp. kraussii
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb perennial, c. 0,4-2 m tall; rhizome creeping, densely branched; leaves terete, 0,2-1 m long, 1-5 mm Ø; lower 2 bracts leaf-like, longer than inflorescence; inflorescence usually lax, rarely consisting of a few clusters; flowers dark; capsule 2-3 mm long, trigono-ellipsoidal to trigono-obovoid; seeds with very short unequal appendages, 0,8-0,9 mm long. Dioecious with functionally unisexual flowers.
Ecology : Strongly saline marshes; along rivers, rarely along coastal sands; 0-1700 m alt.
  Further 2 subspecies are recognized: - subsp. australiensis (Buchenau) Snogerup, in Australia, New Zealand; - subsp. austerus (Buchenau) Snognerup, in temperate S. America

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (2010). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 13: 99
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
no map available
Record n°176430
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