African Plant Database

Crotalaria pallida Aiton
Protologue : Hort. Kew. (Hill) 3: 20-21 (1789)
Information on the genus : Crotalaria
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Crotalaria pallida Aiton var. pallida
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Crotalaria mucronata Desv. (1814)
=Crotalaria striata DC. (1825)
=Crotalaria fertilis Delile (1904)
Taxon infra-specific
Crotalaria pallida Aiton var. pallida
Crotalaria pallida var. obovata (G. Don) Polhill (1968)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect annual or short-lived perennial herb, well-branched, short appressed hairy, 1-2(-3) m tall; petiole as long as leaflets (3-4); stipules filiform, caducous or absent; racemes long, closely many-flowered; flowers large;
  see more in the book
Ecology : River banks, extending into woodland and grassland; meander of stream with Cassia occidentalis and weeds (Imatong Mts, Sudan); bushland near rivers and lakes; also cultivated ground; 0-2000 m alt.; etc..
  Variable in shape and size of leaflets.
  Cape Verde Isl.; S. Tomé, Principe; Swaziland, NE S. Africa; Madagascar (possibly native). Pantropical; natural distribution obscured by widespread cultivation and subsequent naturalization (var. pallida perhaps introduced
  Comprises 2 vars. - Var. pallida mostly in the northern savannas, coastal E Africa and Madagascar; var obovata (G. Don) Polhill (syn.: C. striata Schumach. & Thonn. 1827, non DC. 1825, nom. illegit., nec A. Br. 1841 (= C. impressa) [see more in the book]
  JING-RU WENG & al. (2003). Anti-inflammatory constituents and new pterocarpanoid of Crotalaria pallida. J. Nat. Prod. 66: 404-407.
Biol./Eco : Herb; Humid, Subhumid, Dry; Freshwater Wetland; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Africa.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography other :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:226 (2012)
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
carte afrique num 176864
Record n°176864
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