African Plant Database

Indigofera tinctoria L.
Information on the genus : Indigofera
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Indigofera tinctoria L. var. tinctoria (1753)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Indigofera bergii Vatke ex Engl. (1894)
=Indigofera anil var. orthocarpa DC.
=*Indigofera orthocarpa (DC.) O. Berg (1871) non C.Presl
=Indigofera tinctoria var. microcarpa A. Chev. (1935)
=Indigofera houer Forssk.
=Indigofera argentea L.
Taxon infra-specific
Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata J. B. Gillett (1970)
Indigofera tinctoria L. var. tinctoria (1753)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect annual to perennial herb or subshrub ± 0,35-2 m tall with stems thimly strigose or glabrescent by biramous mostly white hairs.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Bush margins; cultivations and secondary growth; especially on alluvial soil; seasonally flooded grassland with scattered trees; sandy and sandy-clayey very humid or flooded soils; near permanent pool in sahelian zone;dunes; 0-400 m alt. etc...
  Botswana, S. Africa (Transvaal); Cape Verde Isl.; S Arabia; Socotra; India; Sri Lanka; Malaya; Indochina; Philippines; Indonesia; New Guinea; Australia. - Probably introduced in Madagascar; introduced in tropical America.
  Comprises 2 vars.
  Formerly a major source of indigo dye, but now displaced by I. arrecta .

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 3(4): 133
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Fgui
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
carte afrique num 176874
Record n°176874 modified 2007-04-24
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