African Plant Database

Indigofera tinctoria L.
Information on the genus : Indigofera
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Indigofera tinctoria L. var. tinctoria (1753)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Indigofera bergii Vatke ex Engl. (1894)
=Indigofera anil var. orthocarpa DC.
=*Indigofera orthocarpa (DC.) O. Berg (1871) non C.Presl
=Indigofera tinctoria var. microcarpa A. Chev. (1935)
=Indigofera houer Forssk.
=Indigofera argentea L.
Taxon infra-specific
Indigofera tinctoria var. arcuata J.B. Gillett (1970)
Indigofera tinctoria L. var. tinctoria (1753)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect annual to perennial herb or subshrub ± 0,35-2 m tall with stems thimly strigose or glabrescent by biramous mostly white hairs.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Bush margins; cultivations and secondary growth; especially on alluvial soil; seasonally flooded grassland with scattered trees; sandy and sandy-clayey very humid or flooded soils; near permanent pool in sahelian zone; dunes; 0-400 m alt. etc…
  Botswana, S. Africa (Transvaal); Cape Verde Isl.; S Arabia; Socotra; India; Sri Lanka; Malaya; Indochina; Philippines; Indonesia; New Guinea; Australia. - Probably introduced in Madagascar; introduced in tropical America.
  Comprises 2 vars.
  Formerly a major source of indigo dye, but now displaced by I. arrecta .

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • PEYRE DE FABRÈGUES B. & J. P. LEBRUN (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort : 187
  • BOUDET G. & J.P. LEBRUN (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16 : 157
  • EXELL, A. & WILD, H. (2012). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 3(4): 133
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:239 (2012)
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 176
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 464
More info on :
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see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Fgui
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
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Record n°176874 modified 2007-04-24
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