African Plant Database


Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth.
Family : FABACEAE
Information on the genus : Calpurnia
Basionym : Sophora aurea Aiton
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Sophora aurea Aiton
 Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth. subsp. aurea
 Virgilia aurea (Aiton) Lam.
 Podalyria aurea (Aiton) Willd.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Calpurnia aurea subsp. sylvatica (Burch.) Brummitt (TA = accepted; SA = rejected)
=Sophora sylvatica Burch.
=Virgilia sylvatica (Burch.) DC.
=Calpurnia sylvatica (Burch.) E. Mey. (1836)
=Robinia subdecandra L'Hér.
=Calpurnia subdecandra (L'Hér.) Schweick.
=Calpurnia lasiogyne E. Mey. (1835)
=Calpurnia aurea var. major Baker f.
 
Taxon infra-specific
Calpurnia aurea (Aiton) Benth. subsp. aurea
Calpurnia aurea subsp. sylvatica (Burch.) Brummitt
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Bush or slender tree 1-15 m tall (sometimes much branched shrub in dryer habits); young branches densely puberulous-tomentose.
Ecology : Margins and clearings of rain-forest and riverine forest; evergreen bushland; grassland; favoured by overgrazing; 920-3000 m alt.
  S. Africa; India. - Disjunct area: Africa - India (see Wild, Webbia 19: 497-505, 1965).
  Comprises 2 subspp. in Africa. Subsp. sylvatica (Burch.) Brummitt in S. Africa (also introduced in our area), but "intermediates" with subsp. aurea found in C Zimbabwe. - A third subspecies (indica Brummitt) occurs in S India.
  Cultivated in Africa, Europe, India and elsewhere (ornamental or as a shade tree in tea and coffee plantations).
  Not in Zambia.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
 
Map
carte afrique num 176996
 
Record n°176996
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