African Plant Database

Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.
Information on the genus : Vigna
Basionym : Glycine subterranea L.
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Glycine subterranea L.
 Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. var. subterranea
 Voandzeia subterranea (L.) DC.
Taxon infra-specific
Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. var. subterranea
Vigna subterranea var. spontanea (Harms) Pasquet (2001)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual herb; stem creeping, sparsely pubescent, densely leafy; internodes short 0,5-5,5 cm long; geocarpic with fertile flowers without petals and functionally male flowers possessing petals.
  see more in the book
Ecology : With the wild plant the following species are cited in close associatgion: Isoberlinia doka, Combretum glutinosum, Boswellia dalzielii, Gardenia aqualla, Indigofera macrocalyx, Hibiscus asper (at Faran, Nigeria); etc...
  Comprises 2 vars.: - Var. subterranea [syn.: Voandzeia subterranea (L.) DC. fa. sativa Jacq.-F&l.]; - var. spontanea (Harms) Pasquet [bas.: Voandzeia subterranea fa. spontanea Harms; syn.: V. subterranea var. spontanea (Harms) Hepper]. Th
  "an important crop in semi-arid regions of West Africa. They are remarkably drought resistant". (L. J. Musselinan in review, Econ. Bot. 53: 456-457, 1999, of J. Heller & al., 1997. Promoting the Conservation and Use of Underutilized and Neglected Crops.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • BOUDET G. & J.P. LEBRUN (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16 : 171
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:251 (2012)
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 519
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Record n°177061
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