African Plant Database

Chlorophytum cameronii (Baker) Kativu
Family : Anthericaceae
Protologue : Nordic J. Bot. 13(1): 62 (1993)
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
Basionym : Anthericum cameronii Baker
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Chlorophytum cameronii (Baker) Kativu var. cameronii
 Anthericum cameronii Baker (1876)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Anthericum congolense De Wild. & T. Durand (1899)
=Anthericum brunneum var. angustatum Poelln.
=Anthericum nguluense Poelln. (1942)
=Anthericum brunneum Poelln. var. brunneum
=Anthericum brunneum Poelln.
=Anthericum congolense var. elongatum De Wild.
=Anthericum cooperi auct. Hanid & Agnew in Upland Kenya Wild Flowers (1974), non Baker
=Anthericum dilatatum Poelln. (1942)
=Anthericum jaegeri Engl. & K. Krause
=Anthericum koutiense A. Chev. (1908)
=Anthericum oehleri Engl. & K. Krause
=Anthericum triflorum Baker p.p.
=Anthericum ulugurense Engl. (1900)
=Anthericum uyuiense Rendle
=Anthericum uyuiense Rendle var. uyuiense
=Anthericum uyuiense var. latifolium Poelln.
=Anthericum anceps auct. of Eastern Africa, non Baker
=Anthericum princeae Engl. & K. Krause var. princeae
=Anthericum princeae Engl. & K. Krause
Taxon infra-specific
Chlorophytum cameronii (Baker) Kativu var. cameronii
Chlorophytum cameronii var. pterocaulon (Welw. ex Baker) Nordal
Chlorophytum cameronii var. grantii (Baker) Nordal
Chlorophytum cameronii var. ruziziense
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tufted herb 0,15-1 m tall; rhizome horizontal, knobbly, with fibrous remains of old leaf-bases; roots fibrous with distant tubers; leaves 4-6 in 2 rows or almost so, sheathing below, alternate above, linear-lanceolate, 7-85x0,5-4,5 cm, glabrous; peduncle to 40 cm long, flat, narrowly winged above, glabrous; inflorescence to 16 cm long, unbranched, flowers sparsely arranged; rachis flat, with a single wing in lower part, terete above, glabrous; pedicels 1-7 per node, articulated below middle, to 14 mm long in fruit; perianth whitish to pinkish; tepals 8-17 mm long, 3-7-veined; capsule to 7 mm long, obovoid, shallowly deltoid, transversely ridged.
Ecology : Woodland; forest; swampy and seasonally wet areas; ofen on sandy soils; often in clumps; rain and riverine forest on brown to black loamy-clay; crevices in rocks along streams; sometimes epiphytic; dry bushland/thornscrub; dry tall grassland; gravelly shallow red soils; thicket; fixed reddish sand or shallow soil overlying rocks; rocky outcrops; a character species of the Fimbristylis dichotoma-Loudetia cf. furtiva community on inselbergs (Parmentier & Miller in Phytocoenologia 36: 586, 2006); 0-3300 m alt.
  Very variable, “variation reticulate and difficult to accommodate taxonomically” (Fl. Zambes., l.c.).
  C. cameronii is cultivated as an ornamental.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
carte afrique num 177371
Record n°177371 modified 2013-11-14
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