African Plant Database

Chlorophytum filipendulum Baker
Family : Anthericaceae
Protologue : Trans. Linn. Soc. London 1: 260 (1878) 
Information on the genus : Chlorophytum
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Chlorophytum filipendulum Baker subsp. filipendulum
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=*Chlorophytum afzelii Rendle
Taxon infra-specific
Chlorophytum filipendulum Baker subsp. filipendulum
Chlorophytum filipendulum subsp. amaniense (Engl.) Nordal & A. D. Poulsen
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 10-70 cm tall, usually drying ± black; rhizome elongated; roots with spindle-shaped tubers; leaves rosulate, petiole 10-20 cm long, sheathing in lower part; lamina lanceolate, glabrous, 12-50x3-10 cm; peduncle terete, 2-50 cm long, glabrous; inflorescence 5-30 cm long, condensed or lax, usually unbranched, sometimes with 1-2 branches in lower part; rachis ± scabrid; lower bracts 1,5-16 cm long, upper ones 1-2,5 cm; pedicels articulated in the upper third, or just below flower in condensed inflorescence, 6-8 mm long in fruit, 3-4 at each lower node; perianth whitish, sometimes with green tips, turning brownish; tepals 5,5-7x1,5-2,5 mm, 3-veined; capsule triquetrous in section, emarginate, 5-13 mm long, less wide. Pseudovivipary rarely present.
Ecology : Moist forests on slopes and along streams; coastal or gallery evergreen dry or moist forests; on rocks; coffee plantation; 30-1900 m alt.
  Confused with C. macrophyllum, C. sparsiflorum and C. stenopetalum (see Fl. Trop. E. Afr., l.c.). The relation between C. filipendulum and the C. comosum complex needs further investigation. C. heynei Baker from India-Sri Lanka is perhaps conspecific.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (2010). Flore du Gabon. 41: 4

Bibliography other :
  • Bjora C.S., M.Elden, I.Nordal &al. (2017). Speciation in the genera Anthericum and Chlorophytum(Asparagaceae) in Ethiopia—a molecular phylogenetic approach. Phytotaxa 297(2): 151 
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carte afrique num 177375
Record n°177375
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