African Plant Database

Icacina oliviformis (Poir.) J. Raynal
Protologue : Adansonia, sér. 2 15(2): 194 (1975)
Information on the genus : Icacina
Basionym : Hirtella oliviformis Poir.
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Hirtella oliviformis Poir. (1813)
 Icacina oliviformis (Poir.) J. Raynal var. oliviformis (1975)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=*Icacina oliviformis var. senegalensis
=Mappia senegalensis (Juss.) Baill.
=Icacina senegalensis Juss. (1823)
Taxon infra-specific
Icacina oliviformis (Poir.) J. Raynal var. oliviformis (1975)
Icacina oliviformis var. pubescens (Boutique) J. M. Fay (1987)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect woody herb, suffrutex or scandent shrub 0,4-1 m tall with a large fleshy underground tuber 50 cm long, 30-50 cm Ø, 25 kg in weight, with long roots, and sending up yellow glabrous or pubescent leafy shoots; leaves obovate to rounded[…]
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Ecology : Savanna, savanna scrub and forest; locally abundant and troublesome as a weed; roadsides, waste places, cultivations, old farmland, especially in cotton- or yam-fields; edge of seasonally flooded Elaeis forest; often in sandy soils. Difficult to eradicat.
  Tuber and seeds are famine food. Resembling Chrysobalanus icaco (Chrysobalanaceae); described as Hirtella oliviformis by Poiret.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
carte afrique num 177470
Record n°177470 modified 2007-04-17
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