African Plant Database

Cassia italica (Mill.) Spreng.
Family : Caesalpiniaceae
Protologue : Bot. Gart. Halle 21 (1800)
Information on the genus : Cassia
Basionym : Senna italica Mill.
Status for NA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Senna italica Mill.
Status for SA : (present)
Status for TA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Senna italica Mill.
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cassia italica (Mill.) Spreng. subsp. italica
 Senna italica Mill. (1768)
 Cassia italica (Mill.) Lam. ex F. W. Andrews (1952)
 Senna italica Mill. subsp. italica
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cassia aschrek Forssk. (1775)
=Cassia burmannii Wall. non DC.
=*Cassia obovata Collad. (1816)
Taxon infra-specific
Cassia italica (Mill.) Spreng. subsp. italica
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Perennial herb with several prostrate to decumbent, branched stems to 40 cm tall, or a sub-shrub, more erect and to 60 cm high, from a woody rootstock with long thick roots; stems when young slightly flattened.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Grassland; sometimes abundant in wadis; stony plain and schistose rocks; dunes; sandy soils; Acacia-Commiphora bushland; open bushland; desert and semi-desert; often by streams; disturbed places; short grass savanna; clay plains; 0-1850 m alt.
  Variable taxon, in particular subsp. arachoides with specimens having hairy ovaries and young pods, and larger flowers.
  N Africa from Cape Verde Isl. (via Algeria, Libya) to Egypt and Ethiopia to Socotra; Israel, Arabia to S Iran, Pakistan (subsp. italica); - Botswana, Namibia, Swaziland, S. Africa (subsp. arachoides); - Botswana, Namibia; India (subsp. micrantha).
  Comprises 3 subspp. (nearly allopatric, but intermediate forms known):
  Cultivated in Centr. Afr. Rep. (Ndellé, fide Chevalier).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1978). Flora of Libya. 61: 3
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • Fl. Mauritanie 1: 216 (1991).
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 121

Bibliography other :
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 178476
Record n°178476 created 2008-10-17 - modified 2008-10-17
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