African Plant Database


Gloriosa superba L.
Family : COLCHICACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 305 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Gloriosa
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Gloriosa superba L. var. superba
 Eugone superba (L.) Salisb.
 Methonica superba (L.) Crantz
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Gloriosa abyssinica A. Rich.
=Methonica abyssinica (A. Rich.) Walp.
=Methonica doniana (Schult. & Schult. f.) Kunth (1843)
=Methonica leopoldii Van Houtte ex Lem.
=Methonica plantii Planch.
=Methonica platyphylla Klotzsch
=Gloriosa virescens Lindl.
=Methonica virescens (Lindl.) Kunth
=Gloriosa aurea f. latifolia Chiov.
=Gloriosa aurea f. angustifolia Chiov.
=Gloriosa aurea Chiov.
=Gloriosa carsonii Baker (1895)
=Gloriosa graminifolia var. heterophylla Chiov.
=Gloriosa simplex L.
=Methonica grandiflora Hook. (1860)
=Gloriosa superba var. angustifolia Baker (1879)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Gloriosa superba L. var. superba
Gloriosa superba var. graminifolia (Franch.) Hoenselaar (2005)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb erect, simple or branched, sometimes less than 40 cm tall, or scandent or climbing to c. 3 m long; corm to 7x1,5 cm, elongated, often forked; leaves alternate, sometimes opposite or verticillate and somewhat clustered; blade from linear to ovate, 6-17,5x0,4-5 cm, apex acute, falcate, or ending in a tendril to 7 cm long; flowers axillary, sometimes terminal, solitary, cream, yellow, red, red or purple-brown with yellow margin, etc.; pedicel erect, recurved apically, 3,5-18 cm long; perianth segments reflexed, narrowly elliptic-linear to ovate, 2,9-8,5x0,4-3,8 cm, margins sometimes crisped, apex acuminate to acute, sometimes falcate; capsule 3,7-5x1-1,4 cm; seeds many, red.
Ecology : Open sandy plains, fully exposed; stony or rocky grounds; farmbush; open bushland (Commiphora, Acacia); roadsides; forest edges; thickets; woodland; cultivated land; semi-desert plains; short grassland; rain-forest; dry bush; Combretum, Terminalia woodland; along ditches; open places in forest; deep-grassed wooded meadows on river banks with Epilobium, Salix, Faurea; weed in garden; wooded rather damp slopes; savannas; forest edges; riparian and inundated forests; on volcanic ashes; often abundant; marigots; fallows; sandy-clayey hollows; 5-c. 2300 m alt.
  Extremely variable (see introductory discussion of Gloriosa above). Mathew gives a summary of various “species” in Bulb. Newsl. 13: 9-12, 1996.
  Bioko/Fernando Poo; Namibia-Caprivi Strip, Botswana, S. Africa, Swaziland; Madagascar, Seychelles; Yemen, India to Lesser Sunda Isl.
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Herb, Liana, Geophyte; Humid, Subhumid, Dry, Subarid; Grassland, Thicket, Forest, Inselberg/Rock Face, Anthropic; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Africa. Asia, New World,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 183263
 
Record n°183263 modified 2007-04-02
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