African Plant Database


Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla
Family : CYPERACEAE
Protologue : Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3 3: 2531 (1905)
Information on the genus : Bolboschoenus
Basionym : Scirpus maritimus L.
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Scirpus maritimus L.
 Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla subsp. maritimus (1905)
 Schoenoplectus maritimus (L.) Lye
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Scirpus compactus Hoffm.
=Scirpus maritimus var. compactus (Hoffm.) G. Mey. (1836)
=*Scirpus macrostachys Willd. (1809)
=Scirpus maritimus var. macrostachyus (Willd.) Vis. (1842)
=Bolboschoenus compactus (Hoffm.) Drobov
 
Taxon infra-specific
Bolboschoenus maritimus (L.) Palla subsp. maritimus (1905)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Perennial herb 0,4-1,2 m tall; rhizome stiff, spreading, richly branched with cormose swellings; stem base swollen; stem sharply trigonous, 0,2-1 cm Ø, lower half with green leaf sheaths with brown slightly hairy throat; leaves shorter to longer than stem
Ecology : Often locally abundant in shallow permanent or semi-permanent water; seasonal swamps; grassland; often on black cotton or saline soil; muddy river banks; salt tolerant helophyte; ricefields; 0-1800 m alt. The species is also grown by lakes and ponds. – C
  Highly variable in inflorescence morphology and structure, and in fruit shape (Hroudová & al. in Polish Bot. J. 50: 127-129, 2005).
  Large stands are important refuge for wildlife. However, it is also considered among the world’s worst weeds: a pest in agricultural lands and waterways in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe and N. and S. America. It is a troublesome weed in paddy fields, bu
  Almost cosmopolitan, present in temperate and subtropical regions, absent only in the Arctic region (cf. Pignotti, o.c.: 313; distribution map for Europe in Ann. Bot. Fennici 44: 88, 2007).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Borges P.A.V., C. Abreu & al. (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 472
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
More information >> ( work in progress )
 
Record n°186122 created 2008-08-26 - modified 2008-08-26
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