African Plant Database

Gladiolus L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 36-37 (1753)  
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Plants with corms, but very diverse in vegetative and floral morphology; lowest leaves reduced to sheaths; main leaves 2-ranked, linear-lanceolate; upper leaves short, stem-clasping; flowering stem usually terminating the leafy shoot; flowers stalkless, each with a bract and bracteole; perianth often zygomorphic, cylindric or funnel-shaped; stamens arching on upper side of perianth; style arching like the stamens and as long; capsules leathery with globose usually winged seeds.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 89
  • GOLDBLATT, P. (1996). Gladiolus in Tropical Africa. Systematics, Biology &[and] Evolution. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon. 321 pp., 41 colour plates. [With maps.]
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1997). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Gamopétales: Ericaceae à Lamiaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 4: 627
  • GOLDBLATT, P. & J.C. MANNING (1998). Gladiolus in southern Africa.
  • VALENTE, L. M. & al. (2011). Explaining disparities in species richness between Mediterranean floristic regions: a case study in Gladiolus (Iridaceae) Global Ecology and Biogeography : 20: 881-892.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 147 (1931). 
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 219 (1962).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1976). Flora of Libya.
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 101 (1980).
  • Fl. Tunisie [Pottier-Alapetite] : 235 (1981).
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 3 3: 489 
  • Dobignard, A. & C. Chatelain (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du Nord. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques Ville de Genève. hors-série. 1: 151
  • VALENTE, L. M. & al. (2012). Did pollination shifts drive diversification in southern African Gladiolus ? Evaluating the model of pollinator-driven speciation. Amer. Naturalist : 180: 83-98.

Bibliography other :
  • Trop. Afr. Flow. Plants (Ecol. Distr.) 8: 132 (2014)
  • Tison J.M & C. Girod (2015). Snopsis du genre Gladiolus L. (Iridaceae) en France. J. Bot. Soc. Bot. France 68: 69-75
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 190982
Record n°190982 modified 2008-12-27
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