African Plant Database

Ledebouria Roth
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Protologue : Nov. Pl. Sp. 194 (1821)
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Differs from Scilla by: leaves usually spotted, inflorescences ± flexuous (usually 2 or more), flowers usually purplish to greenish, ovary stipitate. However, “the morphological distinction between Ledebouria and Scilla…becomes less clear when material from tropical Africa and the Mediterranean is included” (Stedje, 1998: 4); “but as these small differences get support from the DNA sequence data I will suggest that Ledebouria and the sub-Saharan species of Scilla should be treated as two separate genera. Ledebouria is closest related to the tropical African species of Scilla, and appears to have a common ancestry” (Stedje, o.c.: 8).
Ecology : The genus is very variable in leaf characters, chromosome numbers and karyotypes. The species boundaries are often obscure, and species delimitation has often been based on single characters.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 72 (1995).
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 4: 625 (1997).
  • Trop. Afr. Flow. Plants (Ecol. Distr.) 8: 88 (2014)

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • STEDJE, B. (1998). Phylogenetic relationships and generic delimitation of sub-Saharan Scilla (Hyacinthaceae) and allied African genera as inferred from morphological and DNA sequence data. Pl. Syst. Evol. 211: 1-11.
  • VENTER, S. (2008). Synopsis of the genus Ledebouria Roth (Hyacinthaceae) in South Africa. Herbertia 62: 85-155.
  • PFOSSER, M. [F.] & al. (2012). Phylogenetic relationships of Malagasy Hyacinthaceae. Pl. Ecol. Evol. 145: 65-72
  • PFOSSER, M. [F.] & al. (2013). Phylogenetic relationships of Malagasy Hyacinthaceae. Scripta Bot. Belg. 50: 197-204.
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
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Record n°192008 modified 2008-12-27
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