African Plant Database


Monochoria C. Presl
Family : PONTEDERIACEAE
 
Species
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Aquatic herb 50-90 cm tall, annual or perhaps sometimes perennial; stem corm-like or shortly elongate and somewhat rhizomatous; leaves radical, spirodistichous; juvenile leaves submerged, extremely variable; adult leaves emergent; petiole erect, to c. 75 cm long; blade ovate, acuminate, cordate, 7,5-14x5-7,5 cm; flowering stems erect, c. 40-70 cm long; inflorescence a raceme 5-14 cm long; flowers 15-30, with pedicels 6-10 mm long; perianth clear blue or violet, 6-lobed, c. 1,2 cm long; stamens 6; capsule ellipsoid to ovoid, c. 9 mm long.
Ecology : Margins of rice-fields at the foot of earth dams in cleared Bruguiera, Hunteria, Rhizophora, Avicennia mangrove swamp forest; shallow pools; lagoons; temporary pools; 0-? 1000 m alt.
  Collections very few and scattered.
  The plant is able to withstand great changes in water level (fide Cook, l.c.; Fl. Zambes. 13/2: 70, 2010).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 75

Bibliography other :
  • Trop. Afr. Flow. Plants (Ecol. Distr.) 8: 254 (2014)
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
 
Map
carte afrique num 192740
 
Record n°192740 modified 2008-12-27
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