African Plant Database


Gladiolus crassifolius Baker
Family : IRIDACEAE
Protologue : J. Bot. 14: 334 (1876) 
Information on the genus : Gladiolus
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Gladiolus dieterlenii E. Phillips (1917)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Gladiolus thomsonii Baker (1892)
=Gladiolus masukuensis Baker (1897)
=*Gladiolus unguiculatus auct. sensu Tredgold & Biegel
=Gladiolus paludosus Baker (1891)
=*Gladiolus crassifolius auct.
=Gladiolus conrathii Baker (1904)
=Gladiolus junodii Baker (1901)
=Gladiolus tritoniiformis Kuntze (1898)
=Gladiolus rachidiflorus Klatt (1882)
=Gladiolus musukiensis Baker
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 0,4-1,2 m tall; corm 2-3 cm Ø; foliage leaves 4-8, either emergent at anthesis, or with several basal laminate leaves and sometimes 2-3 cauline leaves with progressively shorter blades; blades linear reaching base of spike or exceeding it, midrib and margins hyaline and ± thickened; stem often branched; spike 6-22-flowered; bracts 1,2-1,8 cm long, soft-textured; flowers pale to deep pink or purple, densely arranged; tube c. 8 mm long; tepals unequal, the dorsal c. 2 cm long, lower tepals each with dark pink to purple transverse band.
Ecology : Open grassland, sometimes in rocky places, in well-watered or relatively dry sites; above 1800 m alt.
  Populations from E Zimbabwe-C Mozambique treated under G. crassifolius by Goldblatt & Manning (1998: 75) but referred to as probably distinct figure below under G. mosambicensis.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.2 - 1.2 m. Alt: 5 - 2200 m. Distribution: LES, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 90
  • Gladiolus Southern Afr. : (1998).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 21190
 
Record n°21190
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