African Plant Database


Gladiolus melleri Baker
Family : IRIDACEAE
Protologue : J. Bot. 14: 334 (1876) 
Notes : [sensu Fl. W. Trop. Afr., ed. 2 = G. roseolus]
Information on the genus : Gladiolus
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Gladiolus natalensis var. melleri (Baker) Geerinck
 Gladiolus dalenii var. melleri (Baker) Còrdova
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Gladiolus brachyandrus Baker
=Gladiolus brevispathus (Pax) Klatt
=Gladiolus welwitschii subsp. brevispathus Pax
=Gladiolus johnstonii Baker
=Gladiolus matabelensis Schltr. ex Weim.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 25-60 cm tall; corm 2,5-3,5 cm Ø; flowering stem with only sheathing leaves or nearly so; foliage leaves produced after anthesis on separate shoots, solitary, lanceolate, to c. 30 cm long, 1 cm wide; stem usually unbranched; spike 5-9-12-flowered; bracts 1,5-3,5 cm long; flowers brick-red to salmon; tube 1,5-2,5 cm long; stamen filaments 0,8-1 cm long, included in perianth tube; style branches 0,5-0,6 cm long.
Ecology : Seasonally wet sites: margins of valley grassland, poorly drained wooded grassland; flowering is stimulated by fire and signs of burning are common on specimens; 1200-2600 m alt.
  Resembling G. oliganthus, G. roseolus; confused with G. dalenii subsp. andongensis, G. benguellensis, G. manikensis.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 20: t.768 (1940).
  • Wild Flrs Rhodesia : (1976).
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 89-92
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 21257
 
Record n°21257 modified 2013-10-30
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