African Plant Database

Gladiolus abyssinicus (Brongn. ex Lem.) Goldblatt & M. P. de Vos
Information on the genus : Gladiolus
Basionym : Antholyza abyssinica Brongn. ex Lem.
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Oenostachys abyssinica (Brongn. ex Lem.) N.E. Br.
 Antholyza abyssinica Brongn. ex Lem.
 Anisanthus abyssinicus (Brongn. ex Lem.) Klatt
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Petamenes latifolia N.E. Br.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 45-65 cm tall; corm 1,5-2,5 cm Ø, often with numerous cormlets; flower bracts 3,5-7 cm long, usually red or purple; perianth strongly zygomorphic, red (upper three) and greenish tipped yellow (lower three), without spots. Similar to G. schweinfurthii, both having the dorsal tepal twice as long as the upper laterals, and the lower tepals reduced to small cusps. In G. abyssinicus dorsal tepal 2-3,5 cm long, upper laterals 1,2-2 cm, lower laterals 0,8-1,5 cm, the lowermost tepal linear, 0,6-1,2 cm long. Capsule c. 1 cm long; seeds angular with reduced wing-like extension at one or both ends.
Ecology : Well-watered grassland; cliffs and rock outcrops; streamsides; edge of forest patches; scrub; mostly 1830-3350 m alt.
  Possibly not distinct from G. schweinfurthii (with smaller flowers and growing at lower altitudes).

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 89
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
carte afrique num 21365
Record n°21365
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