African Plant Database


Gladiolus benguellensis Baker
Family : IRIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Gladiolus
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Tritonia tigrina Pax
=Gladiolus pubescens Pax
=Gladiolus macrophlebius Baker
=Gladiolus malangensis Baker
=Gladiolus paxii Klatt
=Gladiolus longanus Harms (1903)
=Gladiolus pubescifolius G. J. Lewis
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 35-60 cm tall; corm globose to horizontally elongated, often rhizome-like, dark red, 1,5-2,5 cm long, c. 1 cm Ø, old corms sometimes persistent and then attached horizontally, tunics reddish brown; basal leaves 4-6, blades well developed, reaching ± to base of spike, 5-9 mm wide, glabrous to pubescent, margins and midribs thickened and hyaline; stem unbranched; flowers orange-red with yellow nectar guides on the lower tepals, or yellow; perianth tube c. 1,5 cm long, tepals subequal in length; stamen filaments 5-8 mm long, anthers 7-8 mm long; capsule 1,5-2 cm long.
Ecology : Rather dry thicket-grown pastures; marshy grassland on river banks; dembos; swamp; boggy grassland; 1000-1400 m alt.
  Recognised by its rather small flowers. Similar to G. melleri (with larger flowers and lacking leaves at anthesis). Easily confused with G. manikaensis (with larger flowers and longer style).

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 89
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
 
Map
carte afrique num 21370
 
Record n°21370
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