African Plant Database

Gladiolus mosambicensis Baker
Protologue : Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 576 (1897) [1898] 
Information on the genus : Gladiolus
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Gladiolus gazensis Rendle (1911)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 30-40 cm tall; corm 1,8-3 cm Ø; stem sometimes simple, or to 5-branched; flowers produced before the emergence of narrowly sword-shaped leaves (blades) have fully emerged; spike 10-15-flowered; floral bracts with rounded apices, 0,9-1,5 cm long; flowers pink to purple; tube 0,8-0,9 cm long; dorsal tepal 1,6-1,8 cm long; anthers 0,6-0,8 cm long; capsules 1,2-1,6 cm long, obovoid; seeds broadly winged, 5-7x4-5 mm.
Ecology : Short open grassland on dry hillsides; vlei margins; among rocks in shallow loam overlying shales and sandstone; c. 1000 m alt.
  Formerly considered synonymous with G. crassifolius (widespread species) but the two taxa are different in flowering time, stem branching, colour and size of flowers (cf. also Goldblatt & Manning, Gladiolus south. Africa: 75, 1998).

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 90
  • Gladiolus Southern Afr. : (1998).
  • Novon 18: 165-167 (2008).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
carte afrique num 21385
Record n°21385 modified 2008-06-06
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