African Plant Database

Melia azadirachta L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 385 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Melia
Status for MA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Azadirachta indica A. Juss.
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Azadirachta indica A. Juss. (1830)
 Melia indica (A. Juss.) Brandis (1874)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree, deciduous, rapidly growing, short-lived, 3-5-15(-30) m, sometimes flowering as a shrub; bole fluted below when old; bark grey-brown, smooth, lenticellate, becoming lightly fissured or scaling
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Ecology : Planted as a shade tree (coffee plantations), live fence or for ornament, but does not flourish in the wetter zones. Sometimes naturalized and becoming an invasive alien.
  Fruit very toxic to man and pig, and apparently not to birds, sheep, goats. – The stones can easily be pierced at the ends, and used for bead necklaces, rosaries, and as counters in children’s games.
  Native of SE Asia, from India-Sri Lanka through to tropical Australia, Solomon Isl. (growing in forests, bamboo thickets). – Grown in all the warmer parts of the World.
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
no map available
Record n°216143 created 2009-08-19
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