African Plant Database


Moraea stricta Baker
Family : IRIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Moraea
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Moraea mossii N.E. Br.
=*Moraea thomsonii auct. sensu Goldblatt (1977) p.p., non Baker
=Moraea trita N.E. Br.
=Moraea tellinii Chiov.
=Moraea parva N.E. Br.
=Moraea curtisae R. C. Foster
=Moraea trita var. foliata N.E. Br.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 15-25 cm tall; corm ± globose, 1-3 cm Ø, with ± coarse fibrous tunics and often bearing cormlets among the fibres and accumulating in a thick mass; leaf 1, terete, usually absent at anthesis, or dead and still attached to stem base, c. 1,5 mm Ø; stem erect, usually with 3-6 branches held close to the main stem, mostly sessile; sheathing leaves dry, brownish, 3-6 cm long; inflorescence spathes dry, papery, 2,5-4 cm long, speckled darker brown; flowers pale lilac to blue-violet, with yellow-orange nectar guides on outer tepals; these tepals 2-2,4 cm long, reflexed; inner ones 1,5-1,8 cm long, without nectar guides (cf. M. thomsonii); style crests 2-4 mm long (absent in M. thomsonii); style branches wider than anthers (hardly wider in M. thomsonii).
Ecology : Blooming among dry grasses at end of the dry season. Open stony grassland; 1500-3000 m alt.
  Confused with the vegetatively similar M. thomsonii. Flowers carefully preserved are needed to help understand variation patterns and relationships between the two species. A polyploid species (2n = 24 in south. Africa, 2n = 36 and 48 in tropical Africa).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.15 - 0.25 m. Alt: 155 - 2745 m. Distribution: LES, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Ann. Kirstenbosch Bot. Gard. 14: 134-135 (1986).
  • Ann. Kirstenbosch Bot. Gard. 14: 135 (1986).
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 52[2]: t.2069 (1993).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 22005
 
Record n°22005
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