African Plant Database

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott
Family : ARACEAE
Protologue : Melet. Bot. 1: 18 (1832)
Information on the genus : Colocasia
Basionym : Arum esculentum L.
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (weed)
Status for TA : accepted (cultivated)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Arum esculentum L. (1753)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Arum colocasia L. (1753)
=Colocasia antiquorum Schott (1832)
=Colocasia antiquorum var. esculenta Seem.
=Colocasia aegyptiaca Samp. (1914)
=Colocasia fontanesii Schott (1854)
=Colocasia antiquorum var. fontanesii (Schott) Schott (1856)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Robust herb; stem a swollen starchy tuber, to 30 cm long, 10-15 cm Ø, sometimes with stolons; leaves in a whorl, erect, 1-2 m tall; blade broadly ovate in outline, peltate, cordate-sagittate, 20-40x15-35 cm, basal lobes ± rounded, 3-7 cm long; flowering rare in some cultivars; peduncle c. 15 cm long; spathe 20-30 cm long, basal tube green, short, limb yellow to orange; spadix shorter than spathe with conic sterile appendix 4 cm long (or absent).
Ecology : Cultivated extensively in tropical Africa at 400-2400 m alt. in wet places for its starch-rich tubers ground to give a kind of flour, taro. Frequently naturalized near streams, on river banks or waterfalls. In Togo a member of the Marantochloo purpureae-Anubiadetum giganteae association (Acta Bot. Gall. 158: 413, 2011). The leaves are also used as a vegetable. See Burkill, Useful pl. W. Trop. Afr., ed. 2, 1: 199-202, 1985. Also: Fujimoto in Econ. Bot. 63: 152-166, 2009, on cultivars in SW Ethiopia; Orchard in Austral. Syst. Bot. Soc. Newsl. 129: 2-5, 2006, referring to the infra-specific variation.
Biol./Eco : Herb; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Il.Handbook succulent plants: Aizoaceae A-E : 219 (2001).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 269 (1980).
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 243p. 
  • List Fungi, Fl. Fau. Madeira Selv. Arch. : 207 (2008).
  • Ibn Tattou, M. & M. Fennane (2009). Flore vasculaire du Maroc, inventaire et chorologie [2]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 39: 142
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 337
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 220945
Record n°220945 created 2010-02-02
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