African Plant Database


Dietes iridioides (L.) Sweet ex Klatt
Family : IRIDACEAE
Protologue : Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 156 (1894)
Information on the genus : Dietes
Basionym : Moraea iridioides L.
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Moraea iridioides L.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Iris compressa L. f. (1891)
=Ferraria blanda Salisb.
=Iris catenulata (Lindl.) Baker
=Iris moraeoides Ker Gawl.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb evergreen, 0,15-1 m tall, often tufted; rhizome woody, creeping; leaves narrowly lanceolate, 2,5-6x0,6-2,5 cm, stiff, in a fan; stem irregularly branched, with short leaves below, and sheathing bract-like leaves above; sheathing leaves 2,5-3 cm long; old inflorescences sometimes producing branches with a terminal cluster of leaves, and ultimately rooting; flowers white with yellow nectar guides on outer tepals, claws of outer tepals orange-dotted, style branches blue or white flushed with blue above; outer tepals 2,4-3,5 cm long, claw c. 1,6 cm long, limb 1,2-1,6 cm long, spreading to recurved, inner tepals 2,4-2,8x0,9-1,2 cm; capsule ovoid-cylindrical, erect, 1,5-3 cm long, rough-walled, beaked usually.
Ecology : Mostly in montane and coastal evergreen forest and forest margins, often along streams; flowering sporadically; 850-2300 m alt.
  Easily confused with D. flavida (see that species above); sometimes also with D. grandiflora N. E. Br. from S. Africa and cultivated.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.3 - 0.6 m. Alt: 30 - 1828 m. Distribution: EC, KN, LP, MP, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Durand, T. A. & H. Schinz (1895). Conspectus Floræ Africæ; ou, Énumération des plantes d'Afrique . . . Berlin . . . Paris 5: fig.5
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 1: t.31 (1921).
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 39: t.1524 (1969).
  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 68: 145-148 (1981).
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 89

Bibliography other :
  • Fischer, E., K. Rembold & al. (2010). Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Kakamega Forest, Western Province, Kenya J. E. Africa Nat. Hist. Soc. : 137 
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 22528
 
Record n°22528
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