African Plant Database

Hypoxis filiformis Baker
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 17: 109 (1878)
Information on the genus : Hypoxis
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Hypoxis dregei (Baker) Nel p.p. based on Cooper 1811
=Hypoxis sericea var. dregei Baker p.p. based on Cooper 1811
=Hypoxis biflora De Wild.
=Hypoxis dregei var. biflora (De Wild.) Nel
=Hypoxis malosana Baker (1897)
=Hypoxis muenznerii Nel
=Hypoxis caespitosa Baker (1901)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb, slender, 20-50 cm tall; tuber cylindrical, 1-5x1-4 cm, often dividing into several smaller, white to yellow inside; roots white; tunics fibrous, stiff, black, to c. 6 cm long; outer leaves 1-3, ovate, 3-14x0,4-1 cm, pilose beneath with 2-branched hairs; inner leaves 5-11, linear, 3-16x0,1-0,3 cm, margins and midrib beneath hispid, with 2-branched hairs white to golden (herbarium); scapes 1-10, 2,5-50 cm long, < 1 mm Ø, often tinged red, ciliate in lower half, pubescent in upper half; flowers single or cymes 2-4-flowered, pedicels of various length; tepals lemon to orange- yellow inside, with green stripe outside, elliptic, 6-12x2-3 mm; capsule obovoid, 3-5x2-3 mm, pubescent.
Ecology : Rocky wet grassland; swampy and dambo grassland; coastal swampy grassland; peat bogs; Protea woodland; grassy glades; pastures; near cultivations; often following annual fires; on limestone, clay, sandy soil, black volcanic soil; locally very common; 0-960-3100 m alt. (most common 1500-2500 m).
  H. canaliculata is very close (cf. above under that species).
  In Flore du Congo…, Hypoxid.: 5, 1971, the plants cited under H. angustifolia partly belong to H. filiformis (and H. kilimanjarica).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Geophyte- Ht 0.05 - 0.25 m. Alt: 10 - 2100 m. Distribution: LES, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NW, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 768 (2006).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°22739 modified 2007-03-22
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