African Plant Database

Ficus thonningii Blume
Information on the genus : Ficus
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Ficus erici-rosenii R.E. Fr.
=Ficus burkei (Miq.) Miq.
=Urostigma burkei Miq.
=Ficus petersii Warb. (1895)
=Ficus kagerensis Lebrun & L. Touss.
=Ficus rupicola Lebrun & L. Touss.
=Ficus tropophyton Lebrun & L. Touss.
=Ficus basarensis Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret
=Ficus bequaertii De Wild.
=Ficus bongoensis Warb. (1895)
=Ficus butaguensis De Wild. (1921)
=Ficus chlamydodora Warb. (1895)
=Ficus cognata N.E. Br.
=Ficus crassipedicellata var. cuneata De Wild.
=Ficus crassipedicellata De Wild.
=Ficus crassipedicellata f. angustifolia De Wild.
=Ficus crassipedicellata f. boonei De Wild.
=Ficus cyphocarpa Mildbr.
=Ficus dekdekena var. pubiceps Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret
=Urostigma dekdekena Miq.
=Ficus dekdekena (Miq.) A. Rich.
=Ficus dinteri Warb.
=Ficus dusenii Warb. (1895)
=Ficus eriocarpa Warb.
=Ficus galpinii Warb.
=Ficus goetzei Warb.
=Ficus hochstetteri var. glabrior Miq.
=Ficus hochstetteri (Miq.) A. Rich.
=Urostigma hochstetteri Miq.
=Ficus schimperi var. hochstetteri (Miq.) Mildbr. & Burret
=Ficus iteophylla Miq.
=Ficus mabifolia Warb. (1895)
=Ficus mammigera R.E. Fr.
=Ficus medullaris Warb. (1895)
=*Ficus microcarpa auct. sensu Vahl
=Ficus neriifolia A. Rich.
=Ficus neurocarpa Lebrun & L. Touss.
=Ficus persicifolia var. angustifolia Warb.
=Ficus persicifolia var. glabripes Warb. (1895)
=Ficus persicifolia Welw. ex Warb. (1894)
=Ficus psilopoga Welw. ex Ficalho (1884)
=Ficus pubicosta Warb.
=Ficus rhodesiaca Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret
=Ficus rokko Warb. & Schweinf. (1895)
=Ficus ruficeps Warb.
=Ficus ruspolii Warb.
=Urostigma schimperi Miq.
=Ficus schimperi (Miq.) A. Rich.
=Ficus schinziana Warb.
=Ficus spragueana Mildbr. & Burret (1911)
=Urostigma thonningii Miq.
=Ficus thonningiana (Miq.) Miq.
=Ficus phillipsii Burtt Davy & Hutch. (1932)
=*Ficus sassandrensis A. Chev. (1920)
=Ficus acrocarpa Steud. ex Miq. (1847)
=Ficus annobonensis Mildbr. & Hutch. (1915)
=Ficus brevipedicellata var. cuneata De Wild.
=Ficus dekdekena var. angustifolia A. Peter
=Urostigma acrocarpum Miq.
Taxon infra-specific
Ficus thonningii f. mammigera C.C. Berg
Ficus thonningii f. rokko C.C. Berg
Ficus thonningii f. petersii C.C. Berg
Ficus thonningii f. persicifolia C.C. Berg
Ficus thonningii f. neurocarpa C.C. Berg
Ficus thonningii f. iteophylla C.C. Berg
Ficus thonningii f. acrocarpa C.C. Berg
Ficus thonningii f. burkei C.C. Berg
Ficus thonningii f. dekdekena C.C. Berg
Ficus thonningii f. hochstetteri C.C. Berg
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree 8-50 m tall, or shrub; bole short, ± cyclindrical, becoming deeply fluted on old specimens, lower branched, crown rounded and dense, very often with numerous aerial, pendant roots; leaves spirally arranged;[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Gallery with Parinari excelsa, Syzygium staudtii, Ficus saussureana, Polyscias ferruginea, Beilschmiedia sp.; hollow with Mitragyna stipulosa, Ficus trichopoda, Ixora laxiflora; savanna; lake shores; miombo woodland;[…]
  In 1990 Berg wrote: “In its present concept, F. thonningii is an extremely variable species or complex of taxa which cannot be separated satisfactorily on morphological criteria;[…]
  Cape Verde Isl.; Pagalu/Annobon, Principe, São Tomé, Bioko/Fernando Poo; Namibia, Botswana, S. Africa, Swaziland.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:300 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 101 (1986).
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Record n°24153
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