African Plant Database

Ficus lyrata Warb.
Protologue : Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 172 (1895) 
Information on the genus : Ficus
Status for NA : accepted (cultivated)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Ficus pandurata Hort.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Evergreen shrub or tree to 10-16 m tall; leaves spirally arranged; lamina fiddle-shaped, ± 20-45 x 12-28 cm, apex shortly and abruptly acuminate, base ± deeply cordate, margins entire, both surfaces glabrous […]. Epiphytic or terrestrial, or a strangler.
Ecology : Rain-forest with Ficus pseudomangifera, Discoglypremna caloneura, Antidesma laciniatum, Parinari glabra, Pauridiantha sp., Leptaspis cochleata; on 1922 lava flow in Cameroon. 1-± 400 m alt.
  Begining as hemi-epiphytic or strangler, becoming free-standing. Planted for shade, sacred tree, or for its ornamental foliage (street- or pot-plant).
  Not wild in Gabon.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 135-141 (1992).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • VERLOOVE, F. & J.A. REYES-BETANCOURT (2011). Additions to the flora of Tenerife (Canary islands, Spain). Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 30: 67
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°24182
Feedback about this record