African Plant Database

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
Protologue : Cat. Sem. & Spor. Hort. Bot. Univ. Imp. Tokyo: 30 (1916)
Information on the genus : Citrullus
Basionym : Momordica lanata Thunb.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (weed)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Momordica lanata Thunb. (1794)
 Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf. (1959)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh. (1836)
=Cucurbita citrullus L. (1753)
=Colocynthis citrullus (L.) Kuntze (1891)
=Cucumis vulgaris E. H. L. Krause
=Cucumis colocynthis Thunb. (1794)
=Citrullus caffer Schrad. (1834)
=Colocynthis amarissima Schrad. (1833)
=Cucumis laciniosus Eckl. ex Schrad. (1836)
=Cucurbita anguria Duchesne ex Lam. (1786)
=Cucurbita caffra Eckl. & Zeyh. (1836)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual climber or trailer to 3 m long; stems herbaceous.
Ecology : Grassland and bushland; also cultivated and persisting in old plantations and cultivation; sand; 0-1350 m alt. Mascarene Isl.; S. Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland; tropical Asia.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : annual-Herb, Climber- Ht 0.5 - 3 m. Alt: 5 - 1785 m. Distribution: BOT, LES, NAM, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW
Biol./Eco : Herb, Vine; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Ethnobotany of the Kwanyama Ovambos : 67-68 (1985).
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 3 (1986).
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 64 (1997).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1989). Flora of Libya. Al Faateh University. Tripoli. [p.13]
  • GREUTER, W., H. M. BURDET & G. LONG (ed.) (1986). MED-CHECKLIST. [vol. 3] Conservatoire & Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève. [p.174]
  • CASTROVIEJO S. & al. (ed.) (1993). Flora Iberica. Real Jardín Botaníco, C.S.I.C. Servicio de Publicaciones. Madrid. [p.461]
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Namibia photo from Kyffhauser
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Tropicos
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 25842
Record n°25842 modified 2007-03-30
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