African Plant Database

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai
Protologue : Cat. Sem. & Spor. Hort. Bot. Univ. Imp. Tokyo 30 (1916)
Information on the genus : Citrullus
Basionym : Momordica lanata Thunb.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (weed)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Momordica lanata Thunb. (1794)
 Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf. (1959)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh. (1836)
=Cucurbita citrullus L. (1753)
=Colocynthis citrullus (L.) Kuntze (1891)
=Cucumis vulgaris E. H. L. Krause
=Cucumis colocynthis Thunb. (1794)
=Colocynthis amarissima Schrad. (1833)
=Cucumis laciniosus Eckl. ex Schrad. (1836)
=Cucurbita anguria Duchesne ex Lam. (1786)
=Cucurbita caffra Eckl. & Zeyh. (1836)
Taxon infra-specific
Citrullus lanatus var. cordophanus (Ter-Avan.) Fursa
Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual climber or trailer to 3 m long; stems herbaceous.
Ecology : Grassland and bushland; also cultivated and persisting in old plantations and cultivation; sand; 0-1350 m alt. Mascarene Isl.; S. Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, Swaziland; tropical Asia.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : annual-Herb, Climber- Ht 0.5 - 3 m. Alt: 5 - 1785 m. Distribution: BOT, LES, NAM, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW
Biol./Eco : Herb, Vine; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Ethnobotany of the Kwanyama Ovambos : 67-68 (1985).
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 3 (1986).
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 64 (1997).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1977). Flora of Libya. 31: 13
  • Med-Checklist 3: 174 (1986).
  • Fl. Iberica 3: 461 (1993). 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Namibia photo from Kyffhauser
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 25842
Record n°25842 modified 2007-03-30
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