African Plant Database

Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
Protologue : Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 265 (1821)
Information on the genus : Torilis
Basionym : Caucalis arvensis Huds.
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Caucalis arvensis Huds. (1762)
 Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link subsp. arvensis
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Torilis arvensis subsp. divaricata auct.
=Torilis arvensis subsp. recta Jury (1996)
=Scandix infesta L. (1767)
=Caucalis infesta (L.) Curtis (1778)
=Torilis infesta (L.) Clairv. (1811)
=Lappularia infesta (L.) Pomel (1874)
=Torilis heterophylla var. helvetica (Jacq.) C.C. Gmel.
=Caucalis helvetica Jacq. (1776)
=Athamanta capensis Burm. f.
=Ligusticum capense (Burm. f.) DC. (1830)
=Torilis infesta f. heterocarpa Batt.
Taxon infra-specific
Torilis arvensis var. elatior (Gaudin) Thell.
Torilis arvensis var. heterophylla
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link subsp. arvensis
Torilis arvensis subsp. neglecta (Spreng.) Thell. (1926)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual herb with a slender taproot, 0,1-2 m tall, branched from the base and densely bushy with many short, branched stems to tall and simple or with rather few long, ascending branches.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Grassland; weed of cultivated fields; forest edges and along paths; scrub and bush with e.g. Vernonia / Clerodendron; river shingle or by river banks; disturbed places; lava plains; riverine forest; 1100-3650 m alt.
  Variable in leaf-lobing and surface sculpturing of the fruit. According to Jury (o.c.: 185) who studied the fruit morphology of Ethiopian material, the inner mericarps of the umbel are tuberculate whereas the outer ones are spiny.
  Sometimes subdivided into a number of subspecies and varieties.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : annual-Herb- Ht up to 1 m. Alt: 6 - 1340 m. Distribution: EC, NC, WC

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa Umbelliferae: 27-30

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Edinburgh J. Bot. 48: 251-252 (1991).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 525 (1932). 
  • NÈGRE, R. (1962). Petite flore des régions arides du Maroc occidental. 2: 99
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 665 (1963).
  • Fl. Eur. 2: 371 (1968).
  • Fl. Tunisie [Pottier-Alapetite] 1: 573 (1979).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1985). Flora of Libya. 117: 116
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 2 Ketres 2: 330
  • Ruizia 12: 212 (1993).
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 2: 187 (2000).
  • VALDÉS, B., REJDALI, M., ACHHAL EL KADMIRI, JURY, J. L. & J. M. MONTSERRAT (2002). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. I. 1: 465
  • Fl. Iberica 10: 86 (2003).
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 50
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 294
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie : catalogue synonymique commenté
  • Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 30: 2483 (2008).
  • List Fungi, Fl. Fau. Madeira Selv. Arch. : 196 (2008).
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Record n°26776
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