African Plant Database


Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link
Family : APIACEAE
Protologue : Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 265 (1821)
Information on the genus : Torilis
Basionym : Caucalis arvensis Huds.
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Caucalis arvensis Huds. (1762)
 Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link subsp. arvensis
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Torilis arvensis subsp. divaricata auct.
=Torilis arvensis subsp. recta Jury (1996)
=Scandix infesta L. (1767)
=Caucalis infesta (L.) Curtis (1778)
=Torilis infesta (L.) Clairv. (1811)
=Lappularia infesta (L.) Pomel (1874)
=Torilis heterophylla var. helvetica (Jacq.) C. C. Gmel.
=Caucalis helvetica Jacq. (1776)
=Athamanta capensis Burm. f.
=Ligusticum capense (Burm. f.) DC. (1830)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Torilis arvensis var. elatior (Gaudin) Thell.
Torilis arvensis var. heterophylla
Torilis arvensis (Huds.) Link subsp. arvensis
Torilis arvensis subsp. neglecta (Spreng.) Thell. (1926)
Torilis arvensis subsp. purpurea (Ten.) Hayek (1927)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual herb with a slender taproot, 0,1-2 m tall, branched from the base and densely bushy with many short, branched stems to tall and simple or with rather few long, ascending branches.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Grassland; weed of cultivated fields; forest edges and along paths; scrub and bush with e.g. Vernonia / Clerodendron; river shingle or by river banks; disturbed places; lava plains; riverine forest; 1100-3650 m alt.
  Variable in leaf-lobing and surface sculpturing of the fruit. According to Jury (o.c.: 185) who studied the fruit morphology of Ethiopian material, the inner mericarps of the umbel are tuberculate whereas the outer ones are spiny.
  Sometimes subdivided into a number of subspecies and varieties.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : annual-Herb- Ht up to 1 m. Alt: 6 - 1340 m. Distribution: EC, NC, WC

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa Umbelliferae: 27-30

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Edinburgh J. Bot. 48: 251-252 (1991).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 525 (1932). 
  • NÈGRE, R. (1962). Petite flore des régions arides du Maroc occidental. 2: 99
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 665 (1963).
  • Fl. Eur. 2: 371 (1968).
  • Fl. Tunisie [Pottier-Alapetite] 1: 573 (1979).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1985). Flora of Libya. 117: 116
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 2 Ketres 2: 330
  • Ruizia 12: 212 (1993).
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 2: 187 (2000).
  • VALDÉS, B., REJDALI, M., ACHHAL EL KADMIRI, JURY, J. L. & J. M. MONTSERRAT (2002). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. I. 1: 465
  • Fl. Iberica 10: 86 (2003).
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 50
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 294
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie : catalogue synonymique commenté
  • Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 30: 2483 (2008).
  • List Fungi, Fl. Fau. Madeira Selv. Arch. : 196 (2008).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under herbiergdebelair
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 26776
 
Record n°26776
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