African Plant Database


Anethum graveolens L.
Family : APIACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 263 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Anethum
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Peucedanum graveolens (L.) Benth. & Hook. f.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Anethum graveolens var. chevallieri Maire (1926)
=Anethum segetum L. (1771)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Aromatic glabrous annual herb 0,2-1 m tall; stems terete, finely striate, hollow; leaves finely divided, sheaths winged; umbel compound, bracts absent; petals yellow; fruit ribbed, winged.
Ecology : Occurring extensively in NE & E Africa; arable lands, abandoned gardens, roadsides, weed of cultivation, waste places; woodland, grassy savanna; also cultivated; 1350-2300 m alt.
  Very similar to Foeniculum (not annual, fruit different), but smell very different. Herbarium material lacking root and fruit is impossible to distinguish from the latter.
  Probably native of SW Asia. Now almost cosmopolitan.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Lowe, R. T. (1857). Manual Flora of Madeira and hte Adjacent Islands of Porto Santo and the Desertas. London 1: 346
  • Bonnet, E. & Barratte, J. F.G. (1896). Exploration Scientifique de la Tunisie. Catalogue Raisonne des Plantes Vasculaires de la Tunisie.   
  • PAMPANINI, R. (1914). Piantae Tripolitanae.
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 544 (1932).  
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 668 (1963).
  • Fl. Eur. 2: 341 (1968).
  • Fl. Tunisie [Pottier-Alapetite] 1: 604 (1979).
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1985). Flora of Libya. 117: 55
  • ARENAS POSADA, J. A. & F. GARCIA MARTÍN (1993). Atlas carpológico de la subfamilia Apioideae Drude (Umbelliferae) en España peninsular y Baleares. Ruizia 12: 93
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 177 
  • VALDÉS, B., REJDALI, M., ACHHAL EL KADMIRI, JURY, J. L. & J. M. MONTSERRAT (2002). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. I. 1: 455
  • Fl. Iberica 10: 328 (2003). 
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 30
  • Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest 26: 274 (2007).
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 329
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie : catalogue synonymique commenté

Bibliography other :
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 27419
 
Record n°27419 modified 2007-04-17
Feedback about this record