African Plant Database

Raphia farinifera (Gaertn.) Hyl.
Protologue : Lustgården 31: 88 (1952)
Information on the genus : Raphia
Basionym : Sagus farinifera Gaertn.
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Sagus farinifera Gaertn. (1791)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Sagus ruffia Jacq. (1801)
=Raphia ruffia (Jacq.) Mart. (1833)
=Raphia kirkii Engl. ex Becc. (1910)
=Raphia kirkii var. grandis Engl. ex Becc.
=Raphia kirkii var. longicarpa Engl. ex Becc.
=Raphia lyciosa Comm. ex Kunth
=Raphia pedunculata P. Beauv.
=Raphia polymita Comm. ex Kunth
=Raphia tamatavensis Sadeb.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tall and massive, clustering or rarely solitary palm; stem to 25 m long or more, with leaves up to 20 m long; leaflets to 150-180 on each side of rachis; inflorescences pendant, 3-4 m long; fruits variable in shape, ranging from ellipsoid-ovoid to squarely cylindrical, 7.5-10 cm long and 4-5.5 cm in diameter, covered by bright orangey-brown to reddish-brown scales.
Ecology : Grows in lowland riparian and swamp forest palm, also found in semi-cultivation conditions throughout its range of distribution. In East Africa reported to grow in gallery forest and fresh-water swamp-forest, from lowland to 2500 m .
  There are some superficial similarities with R. australis.
Biol./Eco : Tree; Humid, Subhumid; Anthropic, Freshwater Wetland; 0-499 m, 500-999 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Hutchinson, J. & J.M. Dalziel (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa: Second Edition 3(1): 166
  • Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Palmae : 38 (1986).
  • Mapaura, A. & J. Timberlake (eds.) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants. S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 33: 85
  • S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 30: 120 (2004)
  • S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 32: 106 (2005)
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (2010). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 13(2): 43
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Strelitzia 22: 173 (2008).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
carte afrique num 33139
Record n°33139
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