African Plant Database


Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart.
Protologue : Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 226 t. 131 (1838)
Information on the genus : Hyphaene
Basionym : Corypha thebaica L.
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Corypha thebaica L. (1753)
 Chamaeriphes thebaica (L.) Kuntze
 Douma thebaica (L.) Poir.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Hyphaene crinita Gaertn. (1790) Govaerts & Dransfield (2005)
=Hyphaene santoana Furtado Govaerts & Dransfield (2005)
=Hyphaene nodularia Becc. (1908)
=Hyphaene dankaliensis Becc. (1906)
=Hyphaene baikieana Furtado
=Chamaeriphes crinita (Gaertn.) Kuntze
=Cucifera thebaica (L.) Delile
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Stem to 20 m tall, although reported of 4-5 m (Leeuwenberg 7588-WAG) and to 15-20 cm in diameter, frequently solitary or apparently forking below ground and producing 2 or more stems of more or less the same size; stems conspicuously branched; leaves 8-12; fruits ovoids, 4-6 cm long and 4-5 cm wide, brown to dark brown when ripe.
Ecology : This is a palm of arid, desert climates, associated with the heavy soils of drainage lines and alluvial flats with high water tables.
  Possible hybridization of this species with other taxa of Hyphaene has been reported by several authors and observed by us in the Botanical Garden of the University of Accra (Ghana).
  The distribution of H. thebaica is rather complex due to the fact that the species is economically important and has traditionally been planted by human populations.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Fl. W. Trop. Afr., ed. 2 3(1): 169 (1968).
  • Fl. Ethiopia & Eritrea 6: 522 (1997).
  • Fl. anal. Bénin : 58 (2006).
  • Pl. Sudan Checklist : 94 (2015).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Fl. Libya 36: 5 (1977).
  • Fl. Sahara (ed. 2) : 130 (1983).
  • Fl. Egypt Checklist : (1995).
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 3: 104 (2002).
  • Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 39: 143 (2009)
  • Boissiera 55: 33 (2012).

Bibliography other :
  • Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 226 t. 131 (1838).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 33173
 
Record n°33173
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