African Plant Database

Hyphaene thebaica (L.) Mart.
Protologue : Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 226 t. 131 (1838)
Information on the genus : Hyphaene
Basionym : Corypha thebaica L.
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Corypha thebaica L. (1753)
 Chamaeriphes thebaica (L.) Kuntze
 Cucifera thebaica (L.) Delile
 Douma thebaica (L.) Poir.
 Palma thebaica (L.) Jacq.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Hyphaene crinita Gaertn. (1790) Govaerts & Dransfield (2005)
=Hyphaene santoana Furtado Govaerts & Dransfield (2005)
=Hyphaene nodularia Becc. (1908)
=Hyphaene dankaliensis Becc. (1906)
=Hyphaene baikieana Furtado
=Chamaeriphes crinita (Gaertn.) Kuntze
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Stem to 20 m tall, although reported of 4-5 m (Leeuwenberg 7588-WAG) and to 15-20 cm in diameter, frequently solitary or apparently forking below ground and producing 2 or more stems of more or less the same size; stems conspicuously branched; leaves 8-12; fruits ovoids, 4-6 cm long and 4-5 cm wide, brown to dark brown when ripe.
Ecology : This is a palm of arid, desert climates, associated with the heavy soils of drainage lines and alluvial flats with high water tables.
  Possible hybridization of this species with other taxa of Hyphaene has been reported by several authors and observed by us in the Botanical Garden of the University of Accra (Ghana).
  The distribution of H. thebaica is rather complex due to the fact that the species is economically important and has traditionally been planted by human populations.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Hutchinson, J. & J.M. Dalziel (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa: Second Edition 3(1): 169
  • Hedberb, I., Edwards &al. (eds) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 522
  • Fl. anal. Bénin : 58 (2006).
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1977). Flora of Libya. 36: 5
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • BOULOS, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt. Checklist.
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 3: 104 (2002).
  • Ibn Tattou, M. & M. Fennane (2009). Flore vasculaire du Maroc, inventaire et chorologie [2]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 39: 143
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 33
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 33173
Record n°33173
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