African Plant Database


Borassus aethiopum Mart.
Family : ARECACEAE
Protologue : Hist. Nat. Palm. 3(7): 221 (1838)
Information on the genus : Borassus
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Borassus flabellifer var. aethiopum (Mart.) Warb.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Borassus sambiranensis Jum. & H. Perrier (1913)
=Borassus deleb Becc. (1914)
=Borassus aethiopum var. bagamojense Becc.
=Borassus aethiopum var. senegalense Becc.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Stem to 25-30 m tall and to 40-cm in diameter at breast height, almost always ventricose (reaching a diameter of 80-85 cm) about 10 m above the base of the stem; leaves 18-27 (-40); fruits massive, to 17 cm long and to 11 cm wide, broadly ovoid and usually flat-topped, the shape apparently strongly depending on the number of seeds developing and on close-packing in the infructescence, yellow to dull orange or red at maturity.
Ecology : The species grows in riverine forests and savannahs in low-lying areas, particularly on sandy or alluvial soils. In West Africa the patchy distribution observed in this species may be influenced by man and elephants (Dransfield, 1982, 2010).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Tree- Ht 5 - 20 m. Alt: 750 m. Distribution: LP
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Tree; Dry; Grassland, Wooded Grassland; 0-499 m; distribution: Africa.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Hutchinson, J. & J.M. Dalziel (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa: Second Edition 3(1): 168
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • (1986). Flora of Tropical East Africa Palmae: 19
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Scripta Bot. Belg. 4: 106 (1993).
  • Hedberg, I., S. Edwards & al. (eds) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: 518
  • Pl. Mt Cameroon : 179 (1998).
  • Mapaura, A. & J. Timberlake (eds.) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants. S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 33: 85
  • Calane da Silva M, S. Izidine & A.B. Amude (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 30: 120
  • S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 32: 105 (2005)
  • Woody Pl. W. Afr. Forest : 868 (2006).
  • Fl. anal. Bénin : 53 (2006).
  • Fl. Rép. Guinée : 383 (2009).
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (2010). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 13(2): 61
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:32 (2012)
  • Boissiera 65: 32 (2012).
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
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Record n°33225 modified 2007-04-02
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