African Plant Database


Phoenix reclinata Jacq.
Family : ARECACEAE
Protologue : Fragm. Bot. 1: 27. t. 24 (1800)
Information on the genus : Phoenix
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Phoenix abyssinica Drude (1894)
=Phoenix dybowskii A. Chev. ex A. Chev.
=Phoenix reclinata var. somalensis Chiov.
=Phoenix spinosa Schumach. & Thonn.
=Phoenix baoulensis A. Chev. (1952)
=Phoenix djalonensis A. Chev. (1952)
=Phoenix comorensis Becc. (1906)
=Phoenix reclinata var. comorensis (Becc.) Jum. & H. Perrier (1945)
=Phoenix reclinata var. madagascariensis Becc. (1906)
=Fulchironia senegalensis Lesch.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Clustering palm often forming extensive thickets; stem 10-12 m long; leaves arcuate, 2-3.5 m long; leaflets 80-130 on each side of rachis, regularly arranged distally in one plane of orientation but medial and basally arranged in groups of 3-5; fruits ovoid-ellipsoid to almost obovoid, 13-20 mm long and 7-13 mm in diameter, yellow to bright orange when ripe.
Ecology : Grows in extremely different habitats including seasonally inundated areas, riverine forest, and coastal savannahs and even in rain forest conditions (Barrow, 1998).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Tree, Shrub- Ht 1 - 7.5 m. Alt: 0 - 950 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, KN, LP, MP, SWZ
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Shrub; Humid, Subhumid, Dry, Subarid; Grassland, Wooded Grassland, Forest; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Comoros, Africa,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Fl. W. Trop. Afr., ed. 2 3(1): 169 (1968).
  • Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Palmae : 15 (1986).
  • Scripta Bot. Belg. 4: 107 (1993).
  • Fl. Ethiopia & Eritrea 6: 515 (1997).
  • Pl. Mt Cameroon : 180 (1998).
  • Bases Doc. Fl. Guinea Equat. : 375 (1999).
  • S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 30: 120 (2004).
  • S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 33: 85 (2004).
  • S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 32: 106 (2005).
  • Check-list Pl. Vasc. Gabon : 321 (2006).
  • Strelitzia 22: 173 (2008).
  • Fl. Rép. Guinée : 384 (2009).
  • Fl. Zambes. 13(2): 49 (2010).
  • Boissiera 65: 34 (2012).

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Ethnobotany of the Kwanyama Ovambos : 120-121 (1985).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Tropicos
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 33227
 
Record n°33227 modified 2009-07-01
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