African Plant Database

Elaeis guineensis Jacq.
Protologue : Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist. 280 (1763)
Information on the genus : Elaeis
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Elaeis dybowskii Hua (1895)
=*Elaeis macrophylla A. Chev. (1910)
=*Elaeis guineensis subsp. nigrescens A. Chev. (1910)
=Elaeis guineensis subsp. virescens A. Chev. (1910)
=Elaeis guineensis var. madagascariensis Jum. & H. Perrier (1911)
=Elaeis madagascariensis (Jum. & H. Perrier) Becc. (1914)
=Elaeis guineensis f. androgyna A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis f. caryolitica Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis f. dioica A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis f. dura Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis f. fatua Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis f. ramosa A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis f. semidura Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis f. tenera Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. albescens Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. angulosa Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. ceredia A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. compressa Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. gracilinux A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. idolatrica A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. intermedia A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. leucocarpa Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. macrocarpa A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. macrophylla A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. macrosperma Welw.
=Elaeis guineensis var. microsperma Welw.
=Elaeis guineensis var. pisifera A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. repandra A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. rostrata Becc.
=Elaeis guineensis var. sempernigra A. Chev.
=Elaeis guineensis var. spectabilis A. Chev.
=Elaeis melanococca Gaertn.
=*Elaeis nigrescens (A. Chev.) Prain
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Stem to 30 m tall and 40-50 cm in diameter, almost always straight and densely covered by leaf sheath remnants; leaves up to 50, to 8 m long, frequently with an arched rachis and more or less regularly inserted, clustered leaflets; inflorescences and infructescences tightly compressed by the surrounding leaf sheaths; fruits 3-4 cm long, 2-3 cm in diameter, topped by a solid stigmatic remain.
Ecology : This palm is mostly associated to humid areas and riparian locations, normally associated to semi-shadow conditions; however, it easily adapts to a wide range of vegetation types including open savannahs or secondary forests. Elaeis guineensis is distributed in lowland, humid areas of West Africa and the Congo Basin. It also occurs in restricted riparian locations in East and Southern Africa, Madagascar (probably introduced) and the off-shore Indian and Atlantic Ocean islands
Biol./Eco : Tree; Subarid; Anthropic; 0-499 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Hutchinson, J. & J.M. Dalziel (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa: Second Edition 3(1): 161
  • Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Palmae : 50 (1986).
  • Scripta Bot. Belg. 4: 106 (1993).
  • Pl. Mt Cameroon : 179 (1998).
  • Bases Doc. Fl. Guinea Equat. : 375 (1999).
  • Calane da Silva M, S. Izidine & A.B. Amude (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. S. Afr. Bot. Div. Network Report 30: 120
  • Sosef & al (2006). Check-list des Plantes Vasculaires du Gabon.
  • Fl. anal. Bénin : 56 (2006).
  • Woody Pl. W. Afr. Forest : 868 (2006).
  • Fl. Rép. Guinée : 383 (2009).
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (2010). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 13(2): 66
  • Boissiera 65: 33 (2012).
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:28, 37 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Strelitzia 22: 172 (2008).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
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Record n°33268 modified 2009-07-01
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