African Plant Database

Nypa fruticans Wurmb
Protologue : Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 1 (1781)
Information on the genus : Nypa
Status for TA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Nipa arborescens Wurmb ex H. Wendl.
=Nipa litoralis Blanco
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Stems short, prostrate or subterranean, up to 70 cm across; leaves 5-10, up to 10 m long; inflorescence emerging from the mud, 1-1.5 m long; fruits forming a globose head of 15-20 cm in diameter, compressed and irregularly angled, 10-12 cm long and 5-7 cm wide, dark brown at maturity.
Ecology : Grows on a large diversity of estuarine situations often subject to inter-tidal conditions.
  This palm was introduced from Singapore in 1906 and 1912 and again 1946

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Hutchinson, J. & J.M. Dalziel (1968). Flora of West Tropical Africa: Second Edition 3(1): 169
  • Pl. Mt Cameroon : 180 (1998).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
carte afrique num 33269
Record n°33269
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