African Plant Database

Zamioculcas zamiifolia (Lodd.) Engl.
Family : ARACEAE
Information on the genus : Zamioculcas
Basionym : Caladium zamiifolium Lodd.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Caladium zamiifolium Lodd.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Zamioculcas lanceolata Peter (1929)
=Zamioculcas loddigesii Schott
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Seasonally dormant or evergreen succulent herb; tuber subcylindric, c. 3-4 cm or more; leaf petiole succulent, 15-35 cm long, 1-2 cm , green with darker transverse blotches; blade 20-40 cm long; leaflets 4-8 per side, subopposite, distant, oblong-ovate to sometimes oblanceolate, fleshy, 5-15x1,5-5 cm, sessile or nearly so, deciduous during dormancy; peduncle 3-20 cm long, 1 cm , erect, becoming recurved in fruit, pushing infrutescence into ground-litter; spathe persistent, 5-8 cm long, coriaceous; tube ellipsoid, 1-1,5x1-2 cm, green outside; limb oblong-ovate, 5-6x3,5-5,5 cm, tip cuspidate, pale green to whitish or yellow; spadix 5-7 cm long, without sterile appendix; berries white, c. 1,2 cm .
Ecology : Humid to dry evergreen forest; forest floor in shade, often on river banks on sand; Brachystegia woodland; dry wooded grassland; bushland thicket; often on rocks; locally abundant; sometimes forming pure stands; 0-650 m alt.
  NE S. Africa.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb- Ht 0.35 - 0.75 m. Alt: 8 - 15 m. Distribution: KN

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. Africa 40: t.1562 (1969).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 699 (2006).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°33395
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