African Plant Database


Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng.
Family : ARACEAE
Protologue : Syst. Veg. (ed. 16) [Sprengel] 3: 765 (1826) 
Information on the genus : Zantedeschia
Basionym : Calla aethiopica L.
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Richardia aethiopica (L.) Spreng. (1826)
 Calla aethiopica L. (1753)
 Arodes aethiopicum (L.) Kuntze (1891)
 Colocasia aethiopica (L.) Link (1795)
 Otosma aethiopica (L.) Raf. (1836)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Richardia africana Kunth (1818)
=Zantedeschia aethiopica var. minor Engl.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Robust evergreen herb; rhizome fleshy; leaves basal, 0,4-1,5 m tall; petiole smooth, stout, to 60 cm long; blade ovate to heart- or arrow-shaped, 15-20x10-15 cm; inflorescence beautiful; peduncle 30-60 cm long, triangular in cross-section; spathe c. 15 cm long, 12 cm wide, ivory- white inside, bright green at base outside, folded from slightly below insertion of spadix; limb obliquely spreading with 2 cm long apiculus; spadix bright yellow with clavate-spathulate staminodes scattered in female zone; berries c. 1,2 cm long, green, becoming orange at base.
Ecology : Cultivated worldwide. In Africa in gardens, parks in moister upland areas (1900-2400).
  Some varieties have variegated leaves.
  Naturalised in tropical America, S Europe, Philippines, New Zealand.
  Endemic to S. Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland: in grassland, savanna, forest margins; in marshes, also in standing water.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.35 - 1.2 m. Alt: 20 - 2250 m. Distribution: LES, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NW, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 30: t.1190 (1955).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 107 (1931). 
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 269 (1980).
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 243p. 
  • List Fungi, Fl. Fau. Madeira Selv. Arch. : 207 (2008).
  • Ibn Tattou, M. & M. Fennane (2009). Flore vasculaire du Maroc, inventaire et chorologie [2]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 39: 142
  • Fl. Medit. 22: 191 (2012).
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 336
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Germplasm Resources Information Network
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 33398
 
Record n°33398 modified 2009-07-29
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