African Plant Database

Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng.
Family : ARACEAE
Protologue : Syst. Veg. (ed. 16) [Sprengel] 3: 765 (1826) 
Information on the genus : Zantedeschia
Basionym : Calla aethiopica L.
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Richardia aethiopica (L.) Spreng. (1826)
 Calla aethiopica L. (1753)
 Arodes aethiopicum (L.) Kuntze (1891)
 Colocasia aethiopica (L.) Link (1795)
 Otosma aethiopica (L.) Raf. (1836)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Richardia africana Kunth (1818)
=Zantedeschia aethiopica var. minor Engl.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Robust evergreen herb; rhizome fleshy; leaves basal, 0,4-1,5 m tall; petiole smooth, stout, to 60 cm long; blade ovate to heart- or arrow-shaped, 15-20x10-15 cm; inflorescence beautiful; peduncle 30-60 cm long, triangular in cross-section; spathe c. 15 cm long, 12 cm wide, ivory- white inside, bright green at base outside, folded from slightly below insertion of spadix; limb obliquely spreading with 2 cm long apiculus; spadix bright yellow with clavate-spathulate staminodes scattered in female zone; berries c. 1,2 cm long, green, becoming orange at base.
Ecology : Cultivated worldwide. In Africa in gardens, parks in moister upland areas (1900-2400).
  Some varieties have variegated leaves.
  Naturalised in tropical America, S Europe, Philippines, New Zealand.
  Endemic to S. Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland: in grassland, savanna, forest margins; in marshes, also in standing water.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Geophyte- Ht 0.35 - 1.2 m. Alt: 20 - 2250 m. Distribution: LES, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NW, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 30: t.1190 (1955).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 107 (1931). 
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 269 (1980).
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 243p. 
  • Borges P.A.V., C. Abreu & al. (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores
  • Ibn Tattou, M. & M. Fennane (2009). Flore vasculaire du Maroc, inventaire et chorologie [2]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 39: 142
  • Fl. Medit. 22: 191 (2012).
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 336
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Germplasm Resources Information Network
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°33398 modified 2009-07-29
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