African Plant Database


Sauromatum venosum (Dryand. ex Aiton) Kunth
Family : ARACEAE
Information on the genus : Sauromatum
Basionym : Arum venosum Dryand. ex Aiton
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Typhonium venosum (Dryand. ex Aiton) Hett. & P. C. Boyce (2000)
 Arum venosum Dryand. ex Aiton (1789)
 Desmesia venosum (Dryand. ex Aiton) Raf.
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Sauromatum angolense N.E. Br. (1902)
=Arum guttatum Wall.
=*Sauromatum guttatum (Wall.) Schott
=Sauromatum nubicum Schott
=Sauromatum pedatum (Willd.) Schott
=Arum pedatum Willd.
=Sauromatum abyssinicum Schott
=Jaimenostia Guinea & Gomez Mor.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb with depressed-globose tuber 4-10 cm ; leaf 1, petiole to 90 cm long, often black-purple spotted or tinged brownish-purple; blade kidney-shaped to subcircular in outline, 25-60 cm broad, pedately lobed; lobes 7-11, ovate-elliptic, acuminate, cuneate, deeply divided almost to base; central lobe usually obovate-elliptic, 12-30x5-16 cm; inflorescence appearing before leaves; peduncle 2-8 cm long, subterranean; spathe 25-50 cm long; tube with joined margins, 5-10 cm long, 2,5 cm , outside dull purplish-green, inside reddish-purple; limb narrowly lanceolate, 20-40x3-9 cm, inner surface pale yellow to pale green with numerous dark maroon-purple spots; spadix 20-42 cm long; berries obovate, 0,9-1 x c. 0,8 cm , mulberry-purple to red, borne at or partly below ground-level in a tight subglobose head to 4 cm .
Ecology : In shade in damp woodlands; riverine forest; plantations, copses in grasslands; savannas; rocky hills; shade under bushes in river valleys at base of boulders; rocky bushland; moist fallow fields; rock-fissures in a large cavern; on humus-rich soil; 50-2220 m alt.
  Yemen, NW & NE India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, China.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
 
Map
carte afrique num 33454
 
Record n°33454 modified 2015-06-17
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