African Plant Database

Culcasia falcifolia Engl.
Family : ARACEAE
Protologue : Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 418 (1899) 
Information on the genus : Culcasia
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Culcasia scandens f. ovatifolia Engl.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Ground-creeping or climbing herb 1-9-(20) m long, with short clasping roots at and below nodes; stems ± tuberculate; leaf petiole 6-17,5 cm long; blade 5,5-31x3,5-10,5 cm, obliquely ovate to lanceolate, sometimes falcate, apex acuminate, base rounded to cuneate, rarely emarginate, primary lateral veins long-arcuate usually running into margin, with linear pellucid glands; inflorescences 1-4 in each sympodium, usually 2-3 together, on peduncles 4,5-16 cm long; spathe 2,5-5 cm long, greenish-white with white, green or yellow or orange tinges; spadix about same length as spathe, pistillate part usually sessile or subsessile; berries obovoid to nearly globose, to 1,7-1,1 cm Ø, (orange-)red.
Ecology : Damp evergreen forest in shade; riverine and swamp forests; marshy forest edges; rain-forest with Chrysophyllum albidum, Cola gigantea, Erythrophleum sauveolens, Alstonia boonei, Parinari excelsa, Milicia excelsa; rain-forest with Albizia, Macaranga, Croton, Ocotea; 20-2135 m alt. – Locally common but not always flowering.
  Near C. orientalis.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • (1985). Flora of Tropical East Africa Araceae: 18
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 698 (2006).

Bibliography other :
  • Kipkoech S. & al. (2020). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Aberdare Ranges Forest, a part of Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot PhytoKeys 149: 17
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°33537
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